Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
{Print Window}    {Close Window}   

Instructors Manual

Funded by a grant from the Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act

These are seperate inserts.


You should insert copies of prior years' accident statistics after this page. These can be downloaded from the Outdoor Skills webpage or copies can be obtained from the office.

See Policy and Procedure 3.61


Students must satisfactorily complete each of the tests marked F. Students should be coached and retested until they have satisfactorily demonstrated all the required skills. Pass score is 100%

Students must satisfactorily complete at least five of the remaining tests. It is the instructors choice which tests should be administered depending on the facilities available. Students should be coached and retested until they have satisfactorily demonstrated the required skills. Pass score is 100%

Instructors may give students opportunity to practice additional skills such as blood trailing, but these should not be performed as "tests".

Student's Name______________________________

Serial Required Skill Special Conditions Pass
F1 Demonstrate the procedure for courteously accepting a firearm and operating its action State the appropriate firearm handling safety rules as they are performed  
F2 Identify the correct ammunition for a selected firearm from an assortment of dummy ammunition    
F3 Demonstrate how to load a bolt action rifle and apply the safety Check muzzle is clear. Use dummy ammunition  
F4 Demonstrate how to unload a bolt action rifle Maintaining muzzle control  
F5 Demonstrate how to carry a firearm under following conditions    
F5.a   Walking single file with a hunter ahead  
F5.b   Walking single file with a hunter behind  
F5.c   Walking with a hunter on the right  
F5.d   Walking alone on rough ground  
F5.e   Walking with a hunter on the left  
F6 Demonstrate how to cross a fence when alone    
F7 Demonstrate how to cross a fence when with a partner    
8 Demonstrate the safe zones of fire when hunting with a partner    
F9 Demonstrate the safe zones of fire when hunting with two partners    
10 Demonstrate how to case a firearm and place it in a vehicle Use either a soft or hard gun case  
11 Demonstrate how to place a firearm in a boat    
F12 Demonstrate the ability to follow range commands Under live fire conditions  
13 Demonstrate correct sight alignment    
14 Demonstrate knowledge of correct shot placement on a game animal Use laser and video when available  
15 Demonstrate good judgment of "shoot-no-shoot" situations Should be able to recognize dangerous situations such as: Skylined target; another person, road or habitation in line of fire; other game in line of fire;  

Instructor's name _________________________ Date __________ County ___________






Materials needed

Reading Assignment



Objective 1.
What the instructor does

What the student does
Objective 2.
What the instructor does


What the student does


What the instructor does

What the student does
What the instructor does






What the student does
Hunter Education Home Study Evaluation

Class Outline

Notes: This is the evaluation to be conducted for students who have studied with the Home Study Workbook or on the approved CD-ROM. Although the format is different from students who have gone through a full course, these students must prove they have reached the same standard as any other student. In addition, those who did the workbook must show a book which is substantially completed.

This session should last about five hours (depending on number of students) and appropriate breaks for food etc. must be taken. 

Introduction: Introduce staff; Explain agenda; Explain expectations (Students will be evaluated in three areas: Knowledge, Skill & Attitude/Behavior); Registration (collect only enough money to cover instructors' expenses, a maximum of $10 each). 

POP Quiz: (optional) Not to be used to fail students from class. May be used to evaluate level of knowledge and where there is a need for more in-depth review. Review Home Study workbooks for completeness only (do not try to correct but you should see that most questions have been completed). If there are a significant number of questions not answered, the student is sent away. 

Students questions: Put on flip chart or board any issues that students want answers to and make sure these are covered before testing begins. 

Hunter Responsibility: View "Nollie" or "Waterfowl" clip from Measure of Hunt (or an equivalent approved video) and discuss hunter ethics using "dilemma cards". Review Oregon Hunting Regulations (particularly with reference to Test Questions: 35, 37, 38, 44, 46, 50, 55, 58, 59. Which are not covered in either the Home Study Guide or on the CD-ROM). Review how wildlife is managed in Oregon including the role of ODFW, OSP and the Fish and Wildlife Commission. 

Firearms Knowledge: Review Rifle and Shotgun actions and demonstrate correct way to give and accept a firearm. Demonstrate loading and unloading and ways to carry. 

Firearm Safety: View video. Review and Discuss 10 commandments using selected accident reports (including value of Blaze Orange). Instructor may briefly cover muzzleloading, handgun safety, and bowhunting if time allows. 

Field Test: Conduct field test in accordance with Policy and Procedure 3.61 using the form at Annex B to the Instructor Manual. Students who do not pass this test are not allowed to take the written test. 

Live Fire Activity: Conduct live fire the same as for a normal class. 

Review Students Questions: Return to classroom environment and answer any outstanding issues. 

Knowledge Test: Oral test must be offered to all students. When students finish the test, their tests should be graded immediately, their errors pointed out, and if they have passed, they should be given their card and allowed to leave. It is normally not necessary for all students to wait until the slowest have finished. 

Review of Students who failed the written test: Reviews must follow Policy and Procedure 3.6 and retests must be offered as described in that Policy.


Suggested Lesson Plan

Time for this subject 1-3 hours (depending on number of students)

Materials Needed

.22 rifles or air rifles; .22 ammunition or air rifle pellets (NOT BBs); Targets; Ear protection; Protective eye glasses; Cleaning Equipment; Spotting scopes or binoculars; Wet wipes.

The following items will be needed if the shooting facility does not have them:

  • Target Holders
  • Backstop
  • Shooting Benches
  • Floor Mats
  • Sandbags
  • Gun Rack


"The purpose of this class is to give you the experience of shooting a rifle (or air rifle). You will practice safe handling, loading, unloading, aiming and firing. Although we will try to help you shoot better, this class will not make you into marksmen. To achieve shooting proficiency, you will have to spend many hours practicing on a range. In the firearms class you were taught the basic shooting positions, you found which was your dominant eye and you practiced loading and unloading this type of rifle. You are now going to put those things into practice"

(If students have not actually handled the type of firearm being used, its action should be demonstrated at this time)

What the instructor does
What the student does
Objective 1. Students learn and understand range safety rules and the commands that will be used. Time for this element, 5-10 minutes.  
Reads and explains the safety rules for the range Listen
Demonstrates (with an assistant) the action taken on each Range Command Answer questions
Question students to confirm understanding  
Objective 2. Students learn and understand the course to be fired and the firing positions to be used. Time for this element 10-15 minutes.  

Demonstrates (with the help of an assistant):

Proper fitting and use of ear and eye protection
The action of the firearm to be used
The firing position to be adopted
The commands that will be used and the actions that will be taken for each command
How to set up the targets
The proper sight picture

Watch and Listen

Put on ear and eye protection

Place targets in target holders

Objective 3. Students shoot a course of fire. Time for this element: as long as necessary.  
When all assistant instructors indicate that their students are ready:  
Assigns each student to a relay and to a firing point Obeys all range commands
Gives commands to adopt the appropriate firing position Adopts designated position
Command students to dry fire two or three times then fire the prescribed course (this will normally be five rounds initially) under the direction of the assistant instructor assigned to them Dry fires two or three times until confident of position and sight picture
Fires course of fire as directed
Call cease fire, clear the firing line and check targets. Each student reviews target with assistant instructor when the line is again ready, give commands to fire an additional five rounds Reviews target with an instructor

Repeat with each relay of students till all have fired the required course

Conduct additional shooting at instructors discretion

Objective 4: Students review marksmanship principles. Time for this element: 10-15 minutes.  
Uses question and answer to review marksmanship principles.
Asks students if they have any questions
Reviews safety precautions
Encourages students to practice often before they hunt and to join a club if possible
Provides information on places to shoot in the area
Answer questions
Objective 5: (optional) Students learn to clean firearms. Time for this element: as long as necessary.  
Demonstrates and supervises students as they clean the firearms Checks the firearm is unloaded
Clean and lightly oils the firearm

Live Fire FAQs

Q. Who may act as Range Supervisor?
  A. Any Hunter Education Instructor who believes that he/she has the experience and knowledge to run a range may act as Range Supervisor. A training course has been developed and eventually, all instructors who are not otherwise qualified (through military, law enforcement or NRA) will be required to have completed this course in order to supervise live fire.
Q. Who provides liability cover for live fire?
  A. If the instructors are teaching an approved Hunter Education course and are following  Policies and Procedures, they and the facility they are using, are fully covered by the State.
Q. Who certifies a range as suitable?
  A. If a range has an established use and has Range Rules, it does not need to be specially certified for Hunter Education. An instructor who wants to set up an improvised range is responsible for ensuring that the area is safe and suitable. Before shooting on an improvised range, the instructor should verify the safety of the facility by personally inspecting it.
Q. Who pays for range charges?
  A. Ranges that have received grants for improvement from ODFW have agreed to give free access to Hunter Education classes. If  the range has no agreement with ODFW and a charge cannot be avoided, it must come from the $10.00 course fee. If a fee cannot be negotiated within this figure, use a different range or contact the State Coordinator for advice.
Q. Who buys targets and ammunition?
  A. These must be bought out of the $10.00 course fee or donated by a local sponsor.
Q. Who buys eye and ear protection?
  A.  Area Coordinators have a few sets, but these should be bought out of class fees or donated by local sponsors.
Q. Where do we get rifles or shotguns?
  A. All Area Coordinators have sets of air rifles and .22 rifles and most have access to shotguns for loan to instructors. Instructors are encouraged to solicit donations from their local conservation and hunting organizations to buy firearms for local use. Instructors can also stockpile excess class fees until they have enough to purchase rifles.
Q. What distance should students shoot at?
  A. Any distance that is appropriate for the firearm used. The intention is to give the student a taste of success, so large targets at fairly close range are the best. The ideal for .22 is 25 yards and for air rifle 10 yards, but instructors must make the best use of the facilities available.
Q. Can instructors use their own personal firearms?
  A. Yes, although this is not encouraged as the State can not compensate you if the firearm becomes damaged.
Q. Can students use their own firearms?
  A. Yes. But only if the chief instructor is completely satisfied that the firearm is well maintained, functioning correctly, safe and is an appropriate size, weight and caliber for the student. If there is any doubt, do not allow the firearm to be used.
Q. Do students need ear and eye protection if they are shooting air rifles?
  A. They must wear eye protection because there is always the possibility of a ricochet. Hearing protection is not required.
Q. Are there any special considerations before students fire center-fire rifles or shotguns?
  A. Yes. Students must not be allowed to fire any firearm or shotgun that is too long in the stock, too heavy or is likely to produce an uncomfortable recoil. If in doubt, stick to .22s or air rifles. The safety and comfort of the students is the most important consideration. We want them to enjoy the shooting experience so that they continue the sport.
Q. How many instructors are needed for a live fire lesson?
  A. The recommended number is one assistant instructor/ coach for each student on the firing line with one chief instructor acting as Range Supervisor. The minimum is one assistant/ coach between two students on the line, but this is only acceptable if the students are shooting from a prone or bench rest position. Assistant instructors may be parents of students but if so,  the Chief Instructor must conduct a briefing with them prior to the start of the lesson.

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
4034 Fairview Industrial Dr. SE  ::   Salem, OR 97302   ::    Main Phone (503) 947-6000 or (800) 720-ODFW   ::   www.dfw.state.or.us

Contact odfw.web@state.or.us