Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
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Instructors Manual

Funded by a grant from the Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act


Chapter 1 Instructor Policies
1.1 Instructor Code of Conduct
1.2 Instructor Training
1.3 Instructor Dress Code
1.4 Instructor Conflict of Interests
1.5 Instructor Awards
1.6 Youth Protection and Prevention of Sexual Harassment
1.7 Revocation of Instructor Certification
1.8 Student Instructors
Chapter 2 Student Policies
2.1 Age of Students
2.2 Parental Agreement
2.3 Equal Opportunity
2.4 Student Conduct
2.5 Student Awards
2.6 Felons & Referrals from the Judicial System
Chapter 3 Program Policies
3.1 Minimum Class Length
3.2 Curriculum Requirements
3.3 Approved Materials
3.4 Use of Live Ammunition
3.5 Live Fire Procedures
3.6 Written Examination Procedures
3.61 Field Test Procedures
3.7 Student Certification
3.8 Home Study Procedures
3.9 Bowhunter Education
Chapter 4 Administrative Policies
4.1 Notification of Classes
4.2 Course Fees
4.3 Forms and Records
4.4 Duplicate Certificates
4.5 Reciprocity with Other States
4.6 Media Relations
4.7 Anti-Hunting Protests
4.8 Firearms





Instructors are expected to set an example of safe, responsible and ethical behavior, as well as to exhibit good judgement at all times.

  • Alcoholic beverages must never be consumed before class nor be in
    evidence during a class.
  • Smoking or the use of chewing tobacco is prohibited during any class.
  • The use of foul language, profanity or any racial, ethnic, or religious slur
    is prohibited as is any demeaning reference to disability, gender or sexual
    orientation. "Off-color" jokes are strictly prohibited in class.

What is funny to one person may be very hurtful or offensive to someone else.

Loaded handguns may not be carried or worn on an instructor's person during class or during any official Hunter Education activity. This includes instructors who have a valid concealed weapons permit, but excludes active-duty, sworn law enforcement officers.


Role modeling is a very important part of any training program, particularly one that models both responsible and safe hunting behavior for juveniles. The better the model for students to follow, the greater the likelihood that students will learn, retain, apply the material offered during the training program. Instructors must always bear in mind that they represent not only themselves, but are considered employees of the Department of Fish and Wildlife, and are expected to conduct themselves in a manner which reflects high professional standards and judgment.

Instructors should strive to present a positive approach at all times. Ridiculing or showing disrespect to students is a poor teaching strategy and will not be tolerated. Additionally, instructors should avoid situations where students are "set up to fail" as a teaching method. Students learn from success, not failure.



Policy: All new instructors are required to complete Instructor Training Phases I-IV during their first year and before teaching a class by themselves.

Area coordinators should schedule at least one in-service training workshop per year and all instructors are encouraged to attend these as often as possible. Instructors must attend an in-service training, which includes the annual conference, at least once every two years.

Justification: The Hunter Education Program depends for its success on its force of highly motivated, well-trained volunteer instructors. The Department has an obligation to students to ensure that new instructors have the knowledge and skills necessary to deliver a quality program. It also has an obligation to existing instructors to give them opportunities to learn new ideas and techniques as well as to refresh their existing skills.

Mandatory new instructor training consists of four phases. Phases I is a home study program, Phase II is a workshop conducted by volunteer area coordinators or by Department staff. Phase III is the completion of a hunter education class, as a student, for any new instructor who has not completed a class within the previous two years. Phase IV is a student teaching requirement where the new instructor conducts a lesson in a hunter education class. This is supervised and evaluated by an experienced instructor authorized by the Area Coordinator. This phase also includes the preparation and use of a lesson plan.



Policy: Instructors shall wear only the approved hunter education uniform and will maintain standards of good grooming.

The official hunter education uniform consists of the tan shirt with or without the orange vest, with the instructor patch and name tag. The blaze orange baseball cap with the same emblem may also be worn. No other patches are to be worn on the tan shirt.

The only additional adornment allowed on the official vest is:

Front of vest - Official program award pins (bronze, silver, gold, platinum, and Distinguished Instructor badge)
IHEA 1996 Sunriver patch
National Bowhunter Education Foundation Instructor patch
Master Hunter patch and pin
OHEIA membership patch

Back of vest- Instructor qualification patches for any firearms or hunting related discipline (such as muzzleloader or shotgun)

Patches that indicate membership in clubs or organizations as well as manufacturers' patches are not to be worn on the vest. Instructors should wear clean shorts, slacks, jeans, etc., that are in good condition.

Justification: Instructors are employees of and represent the Department of Fish and Wildlife. Just as full-time employees have grooming and uniform standards, so do our volunteers.

The uniform should show the student your name, awards, and qualifications. It should not be a walking billboard advertising club and organizational affiliations or product information.



Policy: The Hunter Education Program is not intended as a forum or vehicle for the promoting or advocating of any other public or private organization or cause. Instructors will refrain from promoting private or political programs, principles, or theories.

Instructors who also teach firearms related or hunting related classes for a fee or who offer guiding services are strictly prohibited from promoting these or any other personal commercial enterprises in class.

Instructors may not benefit financially or otherwise from their participation in this program. Any supplies or equipment that are provided to them, donated to them or loaned to them for their program use must be returned to the department when they cease to be active in the program.

Justification: Instructors are not permitted to require or solicit membership in any private organization, club or program. Students may be informed in a non-solicitous manner of organizations which promote conservation, safety or sportsmanship.

Instructors are to refrain from personal attacks on anti-hunting or anti-gun organizations or attitudes. The purpose of the Hunter Education Program is to inform and educate. Students must be given a balance view of the issues and problems related to hunting, then be free to form their own opinions.

By law, the Hunter Education Program may cooperate with other public Organizations for the purpose of conducting training in conservation, safety or sportsmanship. Instructors are encouraged to seek out and cooperate with such organizations when it is compatible with the best interests of this program.

Hunter Education courses may not be used to promote products or services. Instructors may, however, recommend products or services if they clearly contribute to safe and responsible hunting.



Policy: The Department of Fish and Wildlife will institute and administer an awards program for Hunter Education instructors that recognizes outstanding performance.




The Hunter Education Program would not be possible without the services of volunteers. Volunteer instructors determine the success of the program by investing time, knowledge and skills. The award program rewards instructors for their time and commitment to hunter education in Oregon. Award points for the bronze, silver, gold and platinum award levels are based on a combination of the number of classes taught, and depth of instruction (number of hours).

AWARD LEVELS To be eligible Award
Bronze 150 points bronze belt buckle
Silver 500 points engraved hunting knife
Gold 1000 points binoculars
Platinum 2500 points rifle or shotgun
Distinguished Instructor

4000 points or
2000 points with
15 years service

special award
Regular Instructors  
Completed class 30 pts.
(Not to fall below a six student per instructor ratio)  
Guest Instructors  
Completed class 15 pts.
BONUS POINTS: for a class:  
That lasts more than 16 hours total 20 pts.
That includes an outdoors "field course"
or "hunter trail" (must be noted on report)
20 pts.
That includes live fire with two or more types or calibers of hunting firearm (rifle, shotgun or bow)(must be noted on report) 15 pts.
Directed specifically at a minority or
special needs population (such as
Hispanic, Asian or hearing impaired)
30 pts.
A five hour class for students who have completed Independent (Home) Study or a four hour class of Master Hunter students.  
Regular Instructors, maximum 3 per class 25 points each
Additional instructors/Guest Instructors 15 points each
Instructor Training  
Completion of Phase I and Phase II 25 points each phase
Training seminar (1-4 hours) 25 points
Training workshop (1 day or 50 points more of training as an instructor or a student- includes state
Hunter Education Conference, Outdoor Women Clinics and Bowhunter Education classes)
50 points
Volunteer hours 20 points per shift (Volunteering for work at outdoor shows staffing the range trailer or work at youth shooting skills workshops) 20 points per shift

Regular Instructors- Certified instructor present during at least half of the hours of a single class and actively involved in the instruction or administration of the class (i.e., six hours of a 12-hour class or seven hours of a 14-hour class).

Guest Instructors- Certified instructor who is present less than half of the class hours or an instructor who falls outside the six students per instructor ratio. Guest instructors do not receive bonus points.

Guest Speakers- Instructors who are not certified and therefore do not receive points.



Policy: In order to protect young students from those who would victimize them and protect instructors from unwarranted allegations of abuse, all instructors will adhere to the following policy:

Suspected abuse: If an instructor suspects that any student has been subject to physical, mental or sexual abuse (regardless of where it may have occurred), they must report it immediately to their local law enforcement office and to the Hunter Education Coordinator. This is state law.

Two- deep supervision: Two adults (instructors and /or parents) must be present at all Hunter Education activities.

No one-on-one contact: One-on-one contact between an instructor and a student is not permitted. In situations that require personal conferences, such as reviews and evaluations, the meeting is to be conducted in full view of other people.

Respect of privacy: Instructors must respect the privacy of minor
students in situations such as restroom breaks and should intrude only to the extent that health and safety requires. They also need to protect their own privacy in similar situations.

Separate accommodations: In the event a program calls for an overnight outing, no youth is permitted to sleep in the tent or room of an adult other than his/her own parent or guardian. Separate shower and latrine facilities for females are to be provided or separate time schedules are to be scheduled for males and females to shower.

Sexual harassment and bullying: No sexual harassment or bullying, even between students, is to be tolerated. Instructors who observe or are made aware of any inappropriate behavior involving other instructors or students are to intervene and talk to the offending person. They are also to report the incident to the Hunter Education Coordinator at the earliest opportunity.

Justification: There is no sure way to detect a child molester in advance of attempted or actual abuse. However, the risk can be minimized by learning as much as possible about volunteer applicants, especially their experience with children and what motivates them. These policies are designed to create barriers to abuse within the Hunter Education program, to convey the message that the Hunter Education program is a hostile environment for individuals who want to abuse children and to enhance the protection of minors and instructors. By getting this message across, potential abusers will be discouraged from trying to participate in the program.


Policy: Instructor violations will be evaluated on an individual basis and will not automatically result in revocation of certificates.
Instructor certification may be revoked and/ or rescinded by the State Coordinator for the following purposes:

1) Failure to conduct the training course in the prescribed manner or failure to follow program policies and procedures or failure to cooperate with Area Coordinator.
2) Conviction of a felony or a misdemeanor involving domestic abuse that results in a prohibition on the possessing/handling of firearms.
3) Conviction or forfeiture of bail for violations of the Fish and Wildlife Code and/ or laws of the State of Oregon or its municipalities or any other state.
4) Falsifying program records and/ or documents.
5) Conviction of a misdemeanor involving the welfare, health, safety, or victimization of a minor including, but not limited to:

Attempted Rape III ORS 163.355
Attempted Sodomy III ORS 163.385
Sexual Abuse II ORS 163.415
Attempted Sex Abuse I ORS 163.425
Contributing to the Sexual
Delinquency of a Minor
ORS 163.435
Sexual Misconduct ORS 163.445
Public Indecency ORS 163.465
Attempted Using a Child
In an Obscene Sexual Performance
ORS 163.483
Attempted Promoting an Obscene Sexual Performance by a child ORS 163.485
Endangering the welfare of A Minor ORS 163.575
Furnishing Obscene
Materials to a Minor
ORS 167.065
Exhibiting an Obscene
Performance to a Minor
ORS 167.075
Attempted Promotion of Prostitution ORS 167.012
Providing Liquor to a Person
Under 21
ORS 471.410
Delivery of Controlled
Substance to a Minor

ORS 475.995


Certification as a volunteer Hunter Education Instructor is and must continue to be considered both an honor and a privilege. Both as a group and as individuals, instructors represent a proud and honorable tradition of volunteer citizen involvement to providing community service. The actions of each individual reflect not only upon his/ her fellow volunteers but also upon the Department of Fish and Wildlife and the State of Oregon. As with the basic course of instruction, our emphasis must be placed on quality. Although you are volunteers, it is because you recognize the responsibility entrusted to you in training the young people of our State that instructors have continually insisted upon maintaining the highest standards of professional conduct.



Policy: Background:
State Law prohibits people under age 21 from becoming Hunter Education Instructors. Nevertheless, there are many highly motivated young people who want to get involved with the program and who could eventually become excellent instructors. It is the policy of the Department to encourage these young people to become involved with the Hunter Education program and to recognize their efforts. It is also the Department's policy that these Student Instructors should be encouraged to become certified instructors when they reach age 21.

Anyone between ages 14 - 20, who has satisfactorily completed a Hunter Education class, is eligible to apply to become a Student Instructor.

Selection Criteria:
Potential Student instructors must meet the following criteria:

  1. Have an adult sponsor who may be a relative, guardian or friend who is an active Hunter Education Instructor who recommends the applicant.
  2. Have successfully completed an Oregon Hunter Education course within the past two years.
  3. Have never been convicted or forfeited bail for any violation of the wildlife or fishing laws or regulations.
  4. Have never been convicted or forfeited bail for any felony or misdemeanor including DUII and Minor in Possession, but excluding minor traffic violations.
  5. Have never been within the jurisdiction of a juvenile court for an offence which, if committed by an adult, would constitute a misdemeanor or felony.
  6. Be under no prohibition from any court or The Oregon Mental Health and Developmental Disability Services Division from possessing a firearm.
  7. Complete the Student Instructor application and attain a score of 90% on the written test.

Successful applicants:
Successful applicants will receive a letter of appointment, a green instructor card and a name tag. They will also receive an Instructor Manual, membership information for the Oregon Hunter Education Instructors Association (OHEIA) and an order form for an instructor vest.

The sponsor is responsible for training or arranging for the training of the student instructor. All student instructors should attend Phase Training I & II during the first 24 months after appointment. Sponsors are responsible for keeping records of training attended and for notifying the Hunter Education office using the normal Course Report Form.

Student instructors are encouraged to attend and assist with Hunter Education classes whenever possible. They may deliver instruction, provided their presentation has been rehearsed with their sponsor, but only when a certified instructor is present in the classroom. They may assist and coach practical firearms exercises, but may not coach live fire except under the direct supervision of an authorized adult.

Liability and Restrictions:
Student Instructors are covered under the State Tort Liability Act when performing duties assigned by an Instructor in support of the Hunter Education program however they are not permitted to drive State vehicles. They are not provided with any coverage under the Volunteer Insurance program. When acting as a Student Instructor, they are not permitted to transport Hunter Education students (other than members of their own family) in privately owned vehicles.

The sponsor is responsible for reporting all participation in Hunter Education classes and any other Hunter Education related activities. Student Instructors are to sign class report forms to certify the hours they participated.

Hours contributed by Student Instructors will be recorded and a recognition program based on hours (not points) will be developed.

Becoming an Instructor:
At the end of the year in which they attain age 21, Student Instructors will receive an invitation to become an Instructor. State law requires that the Department conducts a background check for criminal and wildlife law violations and therefore a new instructor application form must be completed. Successful applicants will be certified in the normal way and they will receive credit (including points) for any Phase Training that has been completed within the past four years. However they will need to repeat phase training if they have not been active in instruction and/or attended county training in the prior two years and are recommended by the Area Coordinator.



Policy: Hunters under the age of 18 are required by law to complete a course of instruction in hunter education involving at least 12 hours of training in conservation, safety, and sportsmanship.

Any person, regardless of age, may enroll in a Hunter Education Course. Instructors cannot establish a minimum or maximum age for enrollment in their classes.

Students must be certified based solely on an evaluation of their knowledge, attitude and skills. Age is not a factor in determining certification.

Justification: Federal regulations governing the Hunter Education Program prohibit discrimination and denial of certification based on age. Instructors may, at their discretion, require a parent, guardian or other adult over 21 years of age to attend a course with any student under the age of 12. The instructor may require the parent, guardian or adult to be present during the entire course. Instructors may not require that the same person attend for each class, nor may they require that students 12 and over be accompanied by an adult unless the student has a developmental or learning disability.

Many youngsters under 12 years of age are physically incapable of handling firearms safely and properly, but there are exceptions. Student performance, not age should be the criteria determining if a youngster is qualified for certification. Younger students who may fail the course will still benefit from exposure to proper hunting principles and safety practices. Parents of students under age 12 who, prior to test day have demonstrated lack of knowledge, understanding and physical skills that make it unlikely that they will pass, should be so advised. They may elect not to have their child tested so as to avoid the disappointment of failure.



Policy: Parental Release forms are required of all students under the age of 18 enrolled in a Hunter Education course. No student may participate in any class activities until he/ she has provided the instructor with a Parental Release form signed by a parent or guardian.
Justification: No minor student should enroll in a hunter education course without the knowledge and consent of his/ her parent or guardian. Conversely, each student's parent or guardian should fully understand the objectives of the program and recognize the criteria for the successful completion of the course. Occasionally, parents challenge the authority or judgement of instructors and question the objectives of the course.

Parent release forms should be issued prior to or at the beginning of each course. Instructors need to retain these records for a minimum of three years. Adult students should also sign the parental release certifying that they can legally handle firearms.

Note: the parental release form contains a "medical release". Only the parent or guardian who has the legal authority to authorize medical treatment for the minor child may sign this form.



Policy: It is the policy of the Oregon Hunter Education Program to offer all persons the opportunity to participate in the program regardless of age, race, color, religion, or national origin.

It is the policy of Oregon Hunter Education Program to accommodate non-english speaking students who wish to take the course.

Justification: Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 states that programs funded with federal revenue may not discriminate against individuals on the basis of race, color, or national origin (or language ability).

Language should not be a barrier to obtaining a Hunter Education Certificate as long as the individual is capable of understanding and comprehending the legal and moral responsibilities of a hunter. Instructors should make reasonable effort to accommodate students with limited use of the English language. Contact the state coordinator or Area Coordinator if you need assistance or advice regarding these students.

If the student can understand verbally but cannot read English, allow the student to sit through the class and take the written exam orally. An assistant instructor- even a non-certified one- may be used for this purpose, especially if the assistant is fluent in the student's native language. Remember, the skill and attitude evaluations still apply for all students.

If the student neither reads nor speaks English well enough to pass the class, instructors may ask the student to bring someone who can translate directly into the native language. The translator may quietly translate while you teach, if it does not disrupt the class. The exam may be translated and given orally to the student. The student manual is available in Spanish and on audio tape. For special situations call the Hunter Education Office.

Any instructor, student or other person who believes they have been discriminated against in any program, activity or facility may contact:

Chief, Public Civil Rights Division
Department of the Interior
1849 C Street NW
Washington, DC 20240



Policy: Occasionally, a need to discipline a student will rise during a class. Instructors are expected to be courteous but firm in any matter involving unacceptable student behavior.

Hunter Education instructors shall have full authority to refuse to certify disruptive or uncooperative students. Students who continually disrupt class activities, use drugs, tobacco or alcohol, or refuse to respond to an instructor's directions should be denied further participation in a course.

Typically, for a student's first offence, the student should be warned and advised on what changes they need to make in their behavior. If the offence is repeated, instructors should consider discussing the problem with their parent and advise the parent that the student is likely to be expelled. The third offence could mean automatic expulsion.

Expulsion of a student should be reserved as a last resort after attempts to gain cooperation have failed. The Department of Fish and Wildlife will support all instructors who exercise sound judgement in failing or ejecting disruptive student. Students whose attitude or behavior will cause them to fail the class should be expelled from class and not permitted to attend further. In particular, students who have already displayed behavior that will result in failure must not be allowed to take the practical or written test.

Under no circumstances may an instructor strike or otherwise physically discipline a student. In the event of extreme student disruption, instructors should request assistance from local law enforcement authorities.

Justification: Instructors should remember that the primary goal of a hunter education course is learning. A disruptive or uncooperative student will not learn nor will he/ she allow others around him/ her to learn. Calling on disruptive students or standing near such students are just two of many ways to gain their attention. If students are talking, pausing and waiting in silence will often focus class attention on the disrupters. Students who continue to be noisy can be separated from the rest of the group. If these techniques do not work, take the student aside in private during a break or after class and discuss the problem. Remember though, students should be dealt with in a positive manner. An instructor should take care to avoid embarrassing a student in front of a class. Authority can never be expected to take the place of good judgement.


Policy: The Department of Fish and Wildlife will not provide student awards other than the certificate of completion.
Justification: Due to the large number of students trained annually in the Hunter Education Program, funding and administering an awards program for students is impractical. The materials and training provided to students without cost is considered a major public benefit.

Awards may be purchased by an instructor from class fees or donated by a club, sporting goods store, etc. Typical awards might include targets, a hat, an inexpensive hunting vest, a range pass, etc.



Policy: Felons and persons convicted of certain domestic violence offences are prohibited from possessing firearms. This means that instructors may not put firearms in the hands of such individuals even when they have been ordered to attend a Hunter Education class by the Court. A firearm includes a muzzleloader, but excludes air rifles and any firearm that has been rendered incapable of being fired by removal of firing pin and /or plugging the chamber. Under this interpretation a prohibited individual could successfully complete a hunter education class if the instructor offered air rifle as the live fire option. Instructors who use .22 as their live fire option are not required to offer air rifle solely to accommodate prohibited persons.

When violators or people who have caused firearms injuries are mandated by the court to "talk to Hunter Education classes", the following protocol should be observed:

1) Instructor's agreement. If the instructor in not comfortable, the violator must find another class.
2) Violator writes a script that instructor reviews and approves.
3) Instructor introduces violator and explains why he is there.
4) Violator gives his dissertation and then with instructor to facilitate, answers any questions from class. This session should be short and relevant. Instructor can then draw lessons from what was said. Violator leaves.
5) Violator is not allowed to handle any firearms in class. If he needs to demonstrate some action he took with a firearm, he should be provided with a model, an air rifle or a firearm that has been rendered incapable of firing.

Instructors should contact their Area Coordinator or the Hunter Education office if they have any concerns in applying this policy.



Policy: The Oregon Administrative Rules mandate a minimum of 12
hours of instruction in safety, conservation and sportsmanship.

There is no maximum number of hours for a hunter education class, but instructors should exceed 20 hours only with the approval of the state coordinator. (Exception: field days that include activities in addition to firearms handling, do not count towards 20 hour limit)

Instructors teaching in excess of the state minimum of 12 hours shall not make attendance of all sessions a requirement of graduation. The only mandatory classes in order to meet graduation requirements are Firearms Safety, Hunter Responsibility and Live Fire.

Up to two hours of live-fire may be applied to the 12 hour course

Justification: Oregon Administrative rule 635-48-005 sets the minimum course length
at 12 hours.

Reciprocity agreements with other states are also a factor in the current policy. All 50 states and the 14 Canadian provinces accept the Oregon program because it meets or exceeds all minimum national standards.

Students must attend a minimum of 12 hours of classroom, field and range instruction in order to be eligible for graduation, but should not be penalized for choosing or having to attend a course where the instructor teaches in excess of the 12 hour minimum.

The only mandatory classes are those that deal with firearms safety, live fire and hunter responsibility. Students may miss up to four (4) hours of classroom instruction as long as the time missed does not make the student fall below the 12 hour minimum requirement.

Instructors that include hunter responsibility or firearms safety in each class should not use that as criteria for eliminating a student from a course.



Policy: By state law and federal- state contractual agreements, the Hunter Education Program must offer instruction in specific topics:
These following mandatory minimum curriculum requirements shall apply to all courses:

Required topics:

Hunter Ethics and Responsibility (minimum one hour)

Wildlife Management (minimum one hour)

Wildlife Identification

Firearm Safety and use of Hunting Equipment (includes archery and muzzle loading equipment, minimum two hours)

Hunting Accidents and Their Prevention

Hunting Laws and Regulations

Game Care and Recovery

Survival Skills

Live Fire

Justification: The curriculum outlined was developed in conjunction with existing state law and federal state contractual agreements following extensive review and input from volunteer instructors. Standardization of program curriculum was identified as a major objective in upgrading the basic Hunter Education Program.

Obviously, not all topics of importance to new hunters are included. Instructors will continue to have the freedom to specialize in certain favorite topics, but such specialization cannot take the place of standardization to satisfy legal training obligations. Hopefully, instructors who wish to cover material more thoroughly will be willing to invest additional time in their courses.



Policy: Instructors will only use approved materials and audio visual aids when teaching the Oregon Hunter Education course. Any variance in the approved list of materials and audio visual aids must be specifically approved by the State Hunter Education Coordinator.

Instructors may not make or use privately made copies of commercial videos. To do so is a violation of federal copyright laws. Furthermore, such copies are usually inferior in quality and the students deserve the best quality available.
Justification: As the hunter education program evolves and grows, it is imperative that instructors utilize the best and latest materials available. In the past, problems have arose when individual instructors have decided on their own to continue to use out-dated materials such as an outdated student manual or an old student test. This type of independent action exposes the instructor and the program to a significant level of liability and will not be tolerated. Audio visual aids are constantly evolving. As new or better films and videos become available, instructors will be notified of those approved for use. The most current approved list of films and videos can be found in Annex I of the instructors manual. Instructors who find new videos that they believe will enhance their program should contact the State Coordinator.


Policy: The use of live-ammunition, primers, powder or other explosives is not permitted during indoor classroom training.

Ammunition and other explosive devices may be used for demonstration purposes under closely supervised conditions outdoors or at an approved indoor range only. At no time should students be allowed to handle live ammunition and powder except during controlled range training activities, supervised by certified instructors.

Nothing in this policy shall prevent instructors from conducting range
training activities, either indoors or outdoors, with proper supervision
of students.

The use of reloads during live fire is not permitted.

Justification: Safety and liability are obviously issues of major concern at all times during student training. Although one instructor may favor demonstrations using live-primers or burning powder and do so in a safe manner, another may not. While it is certainly not the intent of the Department to deny instructors the use of effective training aids, great care must be exercised to ensure that we all abide by the safety and responsibility lessons which we stress to students. In essence, we cannot demonstrate unsafe acts.

Instructors should provide all ammunition for use at live fire exercises. Students should not be permitted to bring live ammunition to class



Policy: All students are required to complete a live fire course of instruction. Up to two hours of the mandatory 12 hour minimum class length may be used for live fire.

The live fire course is to consist of one of the following as a minimum:

10 rounds fired from a .22 rifle
10 pellets (not BB) fired from an air rifle
5 shots fired from a 20g, 28g, or .410 shotgun
An approved course fired with a video simulator or laser projector such as those manufactured by DART or Beamhit.

Instructors may include additional live fire events at their discretion, but may not require additional shooting in order to "pass" a student. This is a shooting experience only and although students may be failed for persistent unsafe handling, they may not be failed for poor marksmanship or for failing to participate in additional activities.

In addition to the Range Supervisor, there will be a minimum of one instructor (who may be a parent or another adult assistant) for every two students on the firing line. If firing positions other than prone or bench rest are used there must be one instructor to each student. The Range Supervisor will conduct a safety and procedure orientation for all instructors and assistants prior to each range session. If the class is held at a range or gun club, the host's range rules will be followed.

If a target is used, only paper bullseye or clay (for shotgun) targets are to be used for the required course. Instructors who provide additional live fire training may use animal silhouette or other recognized targets, but under no circumstances will "human silhouette targets", bottles, cans or other "trash" be used.

Ear and eye protection is mandatory for all persons when shooting is taking place. This includes students waiting and spectators who are "close" (instructor's judgement) to the firing line. If ear/eye protection is shared between students, items must be cleaned with "wet wipe" or similar product between users.

If an instructor wishes to allow students to fire their personally owned firearms, the firearms must first be inspected to ensure that they are both safe and appropriate. Inappropriate firearms include those that are too heavy or too powerful for the student and those that are not normal hunting firearms. If an instructor has any doubts as to the safety or appropriateness of a student's firearm, it should not be fired. All ammunition used must be factory loads.

Instructors may allow students to fire handguns, muzzleloaders or archery equipment as additional experience provided that the instructors are experienced in those disciplines themselves.

Justification: The vast majority of hunter education graduates will hunt with either a rifle or a shotgun. It is important that before certifying them, instructors should see them complete the "load, aim, fire, unload" sequence with live ammunition.

The format for the live fire course is at the instructor's discretion. There is a suggested lesson plan and a list of Frequently Asked Questions included at ANNEX H of the Instructor's Manual, however, instructors may write their own lesson plans, which take account of local conditions.

Instructors should use the live fire session to help evaluate practical skills for the Field Test, but must ensure that students know when they are being tested.



Policy: Each student's knowledge must be evaluated based on a written examination provided by the Department. Instructors must use only the current version of the examination unless the Area Coordinator has granted prior permission to use an alternative test.

All students must be given the opportunity of having the test read to them so that those who have poor reading skills are not discriminated against. An oral test may be administered by an assistant or a parent who is not a certified instructor. In special cases, students may be allowed to answer orally as well.

The passing grade for the test is 80 percent (a student may only miss 12 questions). All students who fail to achieve 80 percent should be inter- viewed individually to ascertain whether their failure is due to lack of knowledge, a failure to understand the test questions or a learning disability.

If the instructor believes that the student missed questions because of a learning disability or due to failure to understand the question, they should ask the same questions orally (but phrased in a different way). If the student then shows that they know the material, they should be given a pass on that question.

Students who pass the field test (see also Policy and Procedure 3.61) but miss between 13 and 24 questions due to lack of knowledge, must be given an opportunity to retake the exam within 14 days. Their areas of weakness must be explained to them. Students who miss more than 24 questions or who fail a second time may be offered a retest or be required to retake the course, at the instructor's discretion.

Justification: The objective of the Program is to help as many students as possible qualify as safe and responsible hunters. All students should have an equal opportunity to learn and to demonstrate their knowledge and skills. The credibility of the program depends on uniform evaluation standards being used across the state. This is not a test of the student's "test taking" skills.


Policy: The Field test is the practical evaluation of the student's ability to safely handle a firearm and as such is probably the single most important part of the course. Accordingly, the passing score for the Field Test is 100%.
Justification: The test sheet is at Annex B. There should be a test sheet for each student and instructors are to retain these sheets for at least three years.

The field test is a combined coaching / testing session and is to follow the format:
Demonstration..practice..test....critique any weakness...student practice...test again...repeat as necessary until the student has either passed the test or has shown that they do not have the skills, aptitude, coordination or attitude to pass at that time. These students should normally (instructor's discretion) be required to retake the course



Policy: Students may be issued a certificate of completion only after completing a minimum of 12 hours of instruction in safety, conservation and ethics as prescribed by the Department of Fish and Wildlife.

Each student will be evaluated and graded pass or fail for the following performance criteria.

a) Knowledge
b) Skills with hunting equipment and techniques
c) Attitude

Student knowledge will be evaluated based on a written examination (passing score 80%) provided by the Department of Fish and Wildlife. Student skills with hunting equipment will be evaluated by the Field Test (Policies and Procedures 3.61). Student attitude will be evaluated based on the judgement of the instructor, consistent with standards provided by the Hunter Education Program.

Instructors are prohibited from awarding the certificate of completion to any student who has not met minimum performance standards.

Duplicate certificates may be issued only by the Department of Fish and Wildlife

Justification: Consistent performance standards are necessary to provide minimum criteria for determining if a student is mentally and physically capable of satisfying the basic responsibilities of a licensed hunter. Student performance in each of the three areas of evaluation will determine whether to certify a student. Criteria other than skill, knowledge and attitude evaluated in class may not be used to evaluate students.


Policy: As an alternative to attending a 12 hour class, students can satisfy the classroom attendance requirement by completing either a Home Study Workbook or a study course on a computer. Students who use one of these methods must also attend a class of at least five hours which will include the following topics:

Review of Hunter Responsibility issues including an overview of
Oregon's Hunting Regulations.

Firearms Handling including watching the video "Firearms Safety and the Hunter", handling all actions and practicing the different methods of carrying a firearm.

The field test that is the same as for a normal class.

The standard written test.

A live fire component that meets the requirements for a normal class.

Instructors should follow the sample lesson plan at ANNEX G.

Justification: National studies show that students who study at their own pace using
workbooks or computer based programs retain information as well as those who have attended a formal class. As modern technology results in the development of new delivery systems, students should be allowed to take advantage of them. Nevertheless, there are parts of the Hunter Education course including ethics and firearms handling, that must be covered in a supervised environment. The Department strongly encourages the use of "Dilemma Cards" to reinforce ethics training.

Retests should be offered under the same circumstances as laid out in Policy & Procedures 3.6 and 3.61.



Policy: The Department of Fish and Wildlife recognizes and supports the International Bowhunter Education Program (IBEP) that is administered by the NBEF. The IBEP will only be taught by Hunter Education Instructors who have also qualified as Bowhunter Education Instructors or Assistants. The Department will issue serial numbered bowhunting certificates to hunters who have completed an IBEP course. Oregon also recognizes bowhunter education certificates issued by the IBEP or other state or provincial wildlife agencies. Bowhunter Education will be coordinated jointly by the Hunter Education Coordinator and a State Chairman who is a volunteer appointed jointly by the Department and the NBEF.
Responsibility: The Department will:

Provide NBEF approved training material free of charge to certified instructors for use in the IBEP Bowhunter Education course and for Instructor training courses.

Maintain a list of active instructors.

Provide the State Chairman with the information and tools necessary for the day to day coordination of the program.

The State Chairman will:

Act as the primary point of contact between the NBEF and the Oregon program.

Issue IBEP Instructor cards to newly certified instructors and
provide the Department with information on new instructors.

Work through a network of area Master Bowhunter Instructor
Trainers (MBIT) to promote bowhunter education and to recruit new instructors.

Qualification: Bowhunter Education Course Graduate: Must have completed a course that follows the syllabus prescribed by the NBEF where the supervising instructor for the course is a Certified Bowhunter Instructor as defined below.

Bowhunter Instructor:
An active Hunter Education Instructor who has:

1. Completed a Bowhunter Education Course.
2. Completed a Bowhunter Education Instructor class.
3. Hunted with archery equipment in at least three hunting seasons.
4. Participated as co-instructor in one IBEP course or has taught the "Introduction to Bowhunting" lesson of the Oregon Hunter Education course on at least two occasions. This lesson must follow the syllabus prescribed by the NBEF in the IBEP Instructor notebook. This "practice teaching" must be supervised by an approved Bowhunter Education Instructor or by an approved Hunter Education Instructor.

Maintains active certification by:

1. Completing the New Instructor Training (Phase Training) required of a Hunter Education Instructor within the first year unless an extension of time has been approved by the Department.
2. Participating in the teaching of at least one IBEP Bowhunter Education Course per year. Attendance at approved instructor training workshops or participation in teaching a Basic Hunter Education Class may count in lieu of teaching IBEP course (but not more often than every other year).

Associate Instructors:
Associate Instructors are Bowhunter Education Instructors who have not yet completed their practical teaching or have not yet been certified as Hunter Education Instructors.

Master Bowhunter Instructor Trainers (MBIT):
MBIT are specially selected bowhunter instructors who have attended a MBIT course and have been appointed by the State Chairman. Their primary responsibilities are to recruit and train instructors and to exercise quality control over all bowhunter education courses in their area. They may also be appointed as Regional Bowhunter Education Coordinators.

Regional Bowhunter Education Coordinators (RBC):
RBCs will be regionally selected Master Bowhunter Instructor Trainers who will recruit, train, administer, support and do quality control. RBCs will conduct instructor training classes in their area. They will be primary contact with the State Chairman.



Policy: Instructors must notify the local Area Coordinator of the dates and times of any scheduled classes. They should do this as soon as they plan a class and by forwarding their Material Request Form to their Area Coordinator.
Justification: In the past there have been cases such as two instructors teaching at locations within blocks of each other and neither one of the instructors
nor the Department knowing the classes were being held. In at least one
case, an instructor was turning away students while the other could have
accepted additional ones.

Mandatory notification of Area Coordinators (or local ODWF office
if not serviced by an Area Coordinator), will allow the Hunter Education
Program to make the maximum use of its resources and help students find classes.

Notification of Area Coordinator or the local ODFW office should be done
as a soon as the dates of the class are known or the instructor orders materials for an upcoming class. Ideally, the Area Coordinator should receive the Materials Request Form at least four weeks prior to the start of a class.


REVISION DATE: January 2008

Authority: ORS 491.138 & ORS 496.146
OAR 635-048-0010

To establish an application fee for an individual student to attend a basic hunter education or bowhunter education class and the process for collection and usage of these fees.  This policy is necessary to meet federal and state requirements for proper handling and accounting of fees for programs supported by federal and/or state funds.


Stipend:  Reimbursement provided to instructors from ODFW for expenses incurred that are not otherwise provided by the program.

Consumable:  Items required for course instruction that are may be depleted or worn out by use and are purchased on a continual basis. (Examples: ammunition, targets, firearm cleaning supplies)

Non-consumable:  Items that have an extended lifetime, high value or represent a potential liability for the department or instructors.  (Examples: firearms, bow, TV’s, computers, DVD players)

Hardship: Situation where fee creates a significant financial barrier to participation in a hunter education or bowhunter education course.

Lead Instructor:  The primary point of contact and instructor for the individual class.  General responsibilities beyond classroom instruction may include student registration, coordination of supply needs and submission of course paperwork.


Course Fee

A $10.00 application fee will be collected from students enrolled in a hunter education or bowhunter education course for materials and services furnished by the Hunter Education Program.  This fee will be collected by the Department as part of the application to participate in the course, and used to provide stipends to instructors for materials or services authorized by the Department and to defray the cost of equipment provided to instructors by the Department.  In no instance shall the course application fee serve as a barrier to persons desiring to participate in the training course.  The Department may waive the application fee for students who cannot pay the class fee due to hardship.


Fee Collection

Lead instructors shall collect $10.00 per student registering for the class.           

  • In no instance should cost preclude a student from attending a course.  The Department may waive the fee for students who cannot pay the class fee due to hardship. 
  • Check or money order is the preferred method of payment of course fees.  Check and money orders shall be made out to “ODFW – Hunter Education” and shall be endorsed “For Deposit Only” immediately upon receipt of payment.
  • Fees collected shall be kept in a secure, locked location until submitted to ODFW.
  • Instructors shall submit the fees they collect from students to ODFW within seven (7) business days from initial collection of fees.   
  • Course fees are to be sent directly to the ODFW headquarters office in Salem or delivered to any ODFW regional or field office. If an instructor chooses to send course fees directly to the ODFW headquarters office, they should send checks and/or money orders. Instructors should refrain from sending cash through the mail.
  • Students who cancel within 2 weeks of the beginning of the class for which they are registered, who are no-shows or that fail the course will not be guaranteed a refund of course fees. 
  • Failure to collect and submit fees in the manner prescribed above may be grounds for corrective/disciplinary action.

Course Fee Distribution

Lead Instructors will be provided a stipend of $7.00 per student for the purchase of consumable items not provided by the department.

  • Based on information provided on the Course Report Form, the lead instructor will be sent a stipend check for $7.00 for each student that attended the class. 
  • If waiting for a stipend presents a hardship, the lead instructor may request an advance on the stipend prior to the start of class.  The amount advanced will be based on estimated enrollment indicated on the class scheduling and materials request form.
  • Class scheduling and material request forms must include the course date, time and location, and estimated student enrollment. 
  • The stipend will be sent prior to the class along with course materials.
  • When the class is complete, the lead instructor must record the number of students enrolled and total fees collected.  If there is any variance in the number of students that actually attended the class, the lead instructor will either be sent a check with additional stipend reimbursement OR must remit a check along with their course report to cover variance in the instance that enrollment is lower than projected.
  • The stipend shall be used by the lead instructor for the purchase of consumable classroom supplies.  Approved consumable items are:
  • Ammunition/targets
  • Hearing protection 
  • Gun cleaning supplies
  • Printing costs
  • Office/classroom supplies
  • Postage
  • Student recognition items/give-a-ways
  • Snacks/beverages
  • Instructor mileage may be reimbursed with stipend amounts remaining after consumable items necessary to conduct the class have been provided.
  • Instructors will not be required to submit receipts or documentation of expenditures made with stipends unless requested to do so by the hunter education program coordinator.
  • Instructors will not be reimbursed for any additional expenses without prior authorization by the hunter education program coordinator.
  • It is the responsibility of the lead instructor to distribute stipend funds to other instructors involved in the class as appropriate.
  • Instructors may choose to pool stipends for the purpose of purchasing approved items in bulk to gain cost savings.
  • Stipend and/or advancement requests will be processed by the Department within two weeks of receiving course scheduling and materials request forms and/or course report forms.

The balance of the course fees ($3 per student) will be retained by the Department and utilized by the hunter education program as follows:

  • To offset the cost of providing instructors with non-consumable items (such as firearms/bows, computers, projectors and TV/DVD players) needed to deliver hunter education courses.
  • Area Coordinator Reimbursements
    • Area Coordinators have administrative responsibilities associated with administering the hunter education program within their county.  These responsibilities include conducting instructor meetings and trainings, classroom visits and special event planning.
    • Each Area Coordinator will have the choice of being reimbursed for their approved expenses or receiving a $300 advance for their use on approved expenses.
    • Approved expenses include:
      • Postage
      • Long distance phone calls
      • Printing/Office supplies
      • Meetings/trainings
      • Emergency and/or authorized equipment purchases
    • Any food purchases in relation to meetings or trainings shall follow state and department per diem guidelines.  Current guidelines can be obtained through the ODFW Hunter Education Section.
    • If an emergency need arises that requires an immediate supply purchase outside of general AC needs, the hunter education program coordinator must be contacted for pre-approval.  In the case where program coordinator cannot be reached and purchase is essential to conduct the program, the AC must notify the hunter education program coordinator as soon as possible in regards to the nature of the purchase.
    • Mileage will not be reimbursable for general AC duties.  Mileage reimbursements for meetings, trainings and other special situations will be granted on a case-by-case basis as directed by the hunter education program coordinator.
    • Area Coordinators must submit an expense log and receipts documenting how funds were used in order to be reimbursed for their expenses or before being provided additional advances.
    • Purchases outside of acceptable expenses shall not be made without advanced authorization by the hunter education program coordinator.
    • Failure to adhere to the procedures listed above or the unauthorized/abusive use of advanced funds may be grounds for corrective/disciplinary action.



Policy: Forms and Records utilized to document training activities in the Hunter Education Program are official state records and, as such, must be maintained on file by the Department for audit purposes.

The following records must be completed accurately and forwarded to Portland within 15 days following any course involving student training:

a) Course Report Form
b) Student Registration Cards

If the Course Report Form is not submitted within 15 days of the completion of the class, a penalty may be assessed resulting in some or all award points be denied. Instructors should check students' Registration Cards before sending them in. Instructors who have scheduled students for retests, should notify the Hunter Education office that the course reports will be late.

Repeated failure to complete and submit student and course information is grounds for revocation of certification.

Parental Release Forms are required for all students. A Release Form must be held by the instructor prior to participation in class.

Release Forms and student answer sheets should be retained by the instructor for a minimum period of three years after the course has been completed.

Justification: As with any program, either public or private, a certain amount of record keeping is necessary to do business efficiently. Because of the special nature of the Hunter Education Program, i.e., federal/ state management and volunteer personnel, it is particularly important that the administrative requirements for managing the program are performed effectively and yet, not become an unreasonable burden for the volunteer instructor. Forms and records utilized in the Hunter Education Program become official public records, in addition to allowing us to provide documentation for program funding and maintain a satisfactory level of service to the public. An instructor shares a very strong responsibility in managing the program effectively in two ways; through services as a teacher, and through efforts to accurately document training activities. Your assistance in carrying out these administrative functions will play a major role in the quality of the overall Hunter Education Program.

Late submission of Course Report and Student Registration Forms has been a chronic problem. If forms are not submitted in a timely manner it becomes extremely difficult for students to obtain duplicate cards. The problem is compounded when the graduates need the cards to hunt during fall big game seasons.



Policy: Duplicate hunter education certificates may be issued only by an authorized official of the Department of Fish and Wildlife and are available from Department offices only. Instructors may not issue duplicate certificates.
Justification: In the past, student records have been misplaced, lost or not completed at all, creating considerable inconvenience and expense. To improve service to the public, and minimize program expenses due to inaccurate records, the Hunter Education Program has developed an extensive data processing records system.

This computer program will provide the capability to monitor the frequency of requests for duplicates as well as enter student information into our permanent files, hence the need to limit authority to issue duplicate certificates. Duplicates require either a records check verifying the student's participation in a hunter education class or a sworn affidavit attesting to course completion (in the event that our records are inadequate for verification).



Policy: Through a reciprocal agreement with other states and Canadian provinces, Oregon accepts any state or provincial certificate of competence in hunter safety/ education.
Justification: Reciprocity is a convenient method for hunters certified through Oregon's program to hunt in other states without the need for retraining. It is based on minimum standards agreed upon by all states and Canadian provinces through the International Hunter Education Association.

Only certificates from official state or provincial programs are acceptable. NRA certificates or other special training certificates are not acceptable.

Students with out-of-state certificates need not undergo training in the Oregon program to hunt in Oregon.

The Department does not issue Oregon "certificates of completion" to hunters that have completed hunter education courses in other states or provinces. These hunters must complete Oregon course requirements to be awarded this certificate. All inquiries related to this issue should be referred to the State Coordinator.



Policy: Any requests by news media for statements on sensitive or controversial issues or matters of policy should be referred to the state hunter education coordinator. Instructors should avoid participating in news interviews/ programs unless cleared by the state coordinator. Instructors are encouraged to cooperate with local media in development of "local interest" stories and articles that will be positive in their portrayal of Hunter Education.
Justification: The program, and hunting in general, stands to gain from routine media coverage, but suffers considerable damage from negative reporting. The state coordinator can ensure that a consistent, clear message with a statewide perspective is given to the media.

Most instructors have not been trained to deal with the media and the potential for an instructor or the hunter education program to be portrayed in an unfavorable light exists. If instructors are approached by the media for an interview, they should immediately contact the state coordinator. The state coordinator can either handle the request or clear the instructor to participate in the interview. This policy is not designed to prevent an instructor from participating in a spontaneous interview. The infamous "No Comment" invariably causes more harm than good. But instructors should use caution and try to avoid those types of interviews. This policy is also not intended to prevent an instructor providing an interview to a local media member wishing to do a story or a specific class or instructor in the type of article commonly called a "hometowner". The policy is designed to prevent an instructor from being placed in the uncomfortable position of having to be the spokesperson on highly controversial issues.



Policy: Nationwide, there are ever increasing incidents of protests by anti-hunting interests. Protestors are most effective when a confrontation can be created in from of the media. To avoid confrontations instructors should use the following guidelines.

Field protests by anti-hunting groups and hunt saboteurs are a possibility. Guidance should be given to hunter education students and how to handle possible confrontations.

Justification: 1) Identify the spokesperson- never try to deal with a group. Always have the protestors identify a spokesperson and deal with that individual.

2) Take the protest out of the classroom- do not hold any type of discussion in front of the students. Politely ask the individual or group to move out into the hall. If they refuse to do so, then have the class take a break in another part of the building keeping the students under the control of an assistant instructor or an adult.

3) Ask the protestors to leave- Politely ask the group to leave the premises. This includes any protestors that have enrolled in the class. As with any disruptive student, you have a right to remove the student from the class. Never raise your voice, never use a profanity and NEVER TOUCH A PROTESTOR in any manner including brushing up against them with your body or hand.

4) Call the authorities- if the protestors refuse to leave (after politely informing them you will call the authorities), contact the building administrator and have them call the local police authorities to have the protestors removed. If the building authority is not available, the chief instructor may contact the local authorities. Another option is to simply cancel the remainder of the class. This may be an attractive alternative if the class is more than half over. It will be difficult to get the students back on track as it is. Remember, make sure all students are picked up by a parent before leaving the premises.

5) Notify state ODFW office- as soon as possible. After the incident make a written record of what happened including names of individuals involved and possible adult witnesses. Contact the State Hunter Education Coordinator at the first available opportunity. If you are aware of a potential protest, contact the State Hunter Education Coordinator and the building administrator prior to the class.




Definition - Department firearms.

This policy covers all firearms provided for the Outdoor Skills Education programs and includes but is not limited to:

  1. Firearms owned by the Department.
  2. Firearms loaned or transferred to the Department's custody from a law enforcement agency.
  3. Firearms donated to the Department, to a county instructor group or to an individual instructor by a company or conservation organization.

Firearms that are provided to instructors are provided solely for use in Hunter Education and other education programs sponsored or supported by the Department of Fish and Wildlife. Under no circumstances may these firearms be used for personal purposes.

Department firearms may be loaned between instructors, however the person who has custody of them from the Department is responsible for maintaining a record of their current location. Instructors with permanent custody of Department firearms, will be asked to certify the accuracy of inventory records annually.

Department firearms are to be safeguarded as follows:

  • When in storage, they must be secured in a safe, in a locked transit case or with an action lock (trigger or cable). They should be stored clean and lightly oiled.
  • When in transit to a training location, they are to be secured in a locked case or with an action lock.
  • Under no circumstances may Department firearms be stored or transported loaded or in the same container as ammunition.

Department firearms may be used for live fire however it is the responsibility of the instructor to verify that they are in a safe working condition before use.

Instructors who use firearms in live fire are responsible for cleaning them.


Modeling is a very important part of any training program, particularly
one that models both responsible and safe hunting behavior for juveniles. The better the model for students to follow, the greater the likelihood that students will learn, retain, apply the material offered during the training program.

Demonstrating safe storage procedures for firearms is as important as teaching it in class. In addition, people and organizations that have loaned or donated firearms to the program are entitled to know that they are being stored and safeguarded securely.


Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
4034 Fairview Industrial Dr. SE  ::   Salem, OR 97302   ::    Main Phone (503) 947-6000 or (800) 720-ODFW   ::   www.dfw.state.or.us

Contact odfw.web@state.or.us