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Fish FISH DIVISION
Regulating harvest, protection, and enhancement of fish populations
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Prohibited and Controlled Fish, Mollusks, and Crustaceans

Nonnative, introduced species (sometimes called "exotics") which are brought into Oregon for a variety of reasons are a major concern of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife. The reasons are numerous, but include the following potential problems:

  • competition with native fish and wildlife species for food, cover and space,
  • spread of diseases to native populations,
  • destruction of the habitat of native species,
  • predation (eating) on the eggs, young or even adults of native wildlife, and
  • breeding with native species, affecting population genetics and the ability of a native species to compete and survive.

To increase the protection of Oregon’s native fish and wildlife, the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission has adopted administrative rules addressing particularly worrisome species. These rules regulate human actions involving nonnative fish and wildlife (whether those actions involve trade in nonnative wildlife or interaction with nonnative species in the wild). The rules allow private use or ownership of nonnative species to the extent that they do not pose a significant risk of harm to native species.

Additional information on these species and the ODFW Wildlife Integrity Program

Contact: Rick Boatner, rick.j.boatner@state.or.us

Relevant Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR)

635–056–0040
Requirements for Importation and Possession of Live Wildlife

For species, subspecies or hybrids listed as Prohibited or those species not yet classified, a permit will not be issued allowing the importation and possession of live wildlife, except to American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA) accredited facilities, colleges, universities and those facilities which can demonstrate compliance with standards as provided in OAR 635–056–0050(2). For species, subspecies or hybrids listed as Controlled, an importation permit may be required as set forth by the commission. For species, subspecies or hybrids listed as Noncontrolled, no ODFW importation permit is required.

635–056–0050
Prohibited Species

(1) Except as otherwise provided in these rules or other rules of the commission, live wildlife listed below may not be imported, possessed, sold, purchased, exchanged or transported in the state:

Fish

Common Name

Scientific name(s)

Notes or details

Bowfin

Amia calva

 

Piranha or Caribe

Family Characidae Subfamily Serrasalminae

All species and hybrids expect Serrasalmus, Pygocentrus, and Pristobrycon

Walking catfish

Family Clariidae

All species and hybrids 

Oriental weatherfish

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

 

Ide

Leuciscus idus

 

Rudd

Scardinius erythropthalmus

 

Gar

Family Lepisosteidae

All species and hybrids

Snakehead

Family Channidae, Channa

All species and hybrids

Round goby

Neogobius melanostomus

 

Ruffe

Gymnocephalus cernuus

 

Zander or pike-perch

Sander lucioperca

 

Pikes, pickerel

Family Esocidae

All species and hybrids

 

Crustaceans

Common Name

Scientific name(s)

Notes or details

Chinese mitten crab

Eriocheir sp.

All species

Blue crab

Callinectes sapidus

 

Crayfish

Family Cambaridae

All species

 

Mollusks

Common Name

Scientific name(s)

Notes or details

Asian clam

Family Corbiculidae

All species

Zebra mussel

Family Dreissenidae

All species

Japanese oyster drill

Ceratostoma inornatum

 

635–056–0070
Controlled Species

At the time the commission categorizes a species, subspecies or hybrid as Controlled, it establishes rules necessary to protect native wildlife.

The details of these rules, or controls, can be found within the OAR referenced in the table below.

Fish

Common Name

Scientific name(s)

Oregon Administrative Rule

Grass carp

Ctenopharyngodon idella

635-056-0075

Tilapia (Mozambique, Nile, and hybrids)

Oreochromis mossambicus, O. niloticus, and hybrids

635-056-0075

 

Crustaceans

Common Name

Scientific name(s)

OregonAdministrative Rule

Green crab

Carcinus maenas

635-056-0070

Whiteleg shrimp

Litopenaeus vannamei

635-056-0070

Giant river prawns

Macrobrachium rosenbergii

635-056-0070

 

Mollusks

Common Name

Scientific name(s)

Oregon Administrative Rule

Suminoe oyster

Crassotrea ariakensis

635-056-0070

Pacific oyster

Crassotrea gigas

635-056-0070

Kumamoto oyster

Crassotrea sikamea

635-056-0070

Eastern oyster

Crassotrea virginica

635-056-0070

European flat oyster

Ostrea edulis

635-056-0070

Softshell clam

Mya arenaria

635-056-0070

Japanese littleneck clam

Venerupis philipinnarum

635-056-0070

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