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Hunting and Trapping Small Game

Reports

Definitions

What is a Predatory Animal?

Predatory Animals are coyotes, rabbits, rodents, and feral swine which are or may be destructive to agricultural crops. Therefore these animals have no closed season, bag limit or weapons restriction.

This however does not mean that all rabbits and rodents are available to hunt. A hunter must first find out if the small game they are seeking to hunt is either Federally or State protected and if it carries any special regulations, such as closed seasons, bag limits or weapons restrictions.

Protected mammals and birds
  • Game mammals
  • Game birds
  • Furbearers
  • Threatened or Endangered species
  • Fisher
  • Ringtail
  • Fringed myoti
  • Townsend's big-eared bat
  • Pallid bat
  • Silver-haired bat
  • Western small-footed myotis
  • Long-eared myotis
  • Long-legged myotis
  • Yuma myotis
  • Pika (cony)
  • Pygmy rabbit
  • White-tailed jackrabbit
  • White-tailed antelope squirrel
  • Washington ground squirrel
  • Northern flying squirrel
  • Chickaree (pine squirrel)
  • Golden-mantled ground squirrel
  • Chipmunks
  • White-footed vole
  • All marine mammals
  • all nongame birds except European starling, house sparrow, and rock pigeon

Protected species may not be taken without a valid license and tag during authorized seasons or a Scientific Taking Permit. However, rabbits and rodents destructive to agricultural crops, products and activities may be taken.

What is a Furbearer?

Furbearers are beaver, bobcat, fisher, marten, mink, muskrat, otter, raccoon, red and gray fox.

Feral (wild) Swine

Feral swine are defined as a predatory animal by the Oregon Department of Agriculture (OAR 603-010-0055). It is legal to hunt feral swine on public land with a valid hunting license. Hunting feral swine on private land does not require a valid hunting license, but you must have landowner permission. All general hunting regulations must be followed. (See Current Big Game Hunting Regulations for general hunting regulations.) There is no set season, no bag limit and no weapon restriction.

What are they?

Domestic swine (pigs) become feral when they meet the following criteria set by the Oregon Department of Agriculture:

  1. Animals are free roaming on public or private lands and not held under confinement.

  2. No notification to the landowner has been made by the swine owner of the swine having escaped confinement within a radius of five miles during the past five days.

  3. The swine do not appear to be domesticated and are not tame.

  4. The swine do not meet the description of escaped swine in section 2 above. Feral swine come in all shapes and sizes and can reach 400 pounds. They can look like common domestic barnyard pigs, Russian/European Boars or something in between. They will eat anything they can find and are mostly active at night. They can be found during the day loafing in clear cuts and brushy areas. They require abundant water and spend considerable time near ponds and streams. Sows and young pigs often travel in groups.

Where are they?

Feral swine populations are widely scattered and found mostly on private property. No landowners have requested assistance in removal and ODFW has no contact lists.

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