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Oregon Wildlife Species

Birds: Doves and Pigeons

Bird Species of Oregon: In addition to native bird species, introduced species, accidentals and birds that are currently expanding their ranges have been included here. Only one photo is shown for each species—as plumages vary between males and females, between young and adults, between seasons, see All About Birds for precise bird identification.

Order Columbiformes
Pigeons, Doves - Family Columbidae

Protecting Migratory Birds

Rock Pigeon adult
Rock Pigeon adult

Rock Pigeon Columba livia

The Rock Pigeon is an invasive species introduced from Europe. It is found in and about human-created structures, e.g., masonry buildings, parking structures, barns, abandoned houses, bridges, water towers and freeway overpasses that posses cornices, ledges, and cave-like cavities used for nesting and shelter.

Pigeons forage in city streets and parks on food refuse, public handouts, and weed seeds, and on grain spilled at shipping facilities and along transportation corridors. In agricultural areas they forage in livestock feedlots and fields.

In Oregon it is common to abundant, statewide, in cities, towns and agricultural areas.

Hear the sounds of the Rock Pigeon

Band-tailed Pigeon
Band-tailed Pigeon adult
-U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service-

Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata

About the size of the domestic pigeon, this swift-flying species is popular among sport hunters.

An arboreal bird, it is often observed perched alone on top of a tall tree or in flocks when flying about feeding areas and mineral sites.

This is a common summer resident in forested areas west of the Cascade crest. It typically nests in forested mountain areas in the west Cascades.

Hear the sounds of the Band-tailed Pigeon

Eurasian Collared-Dove

Eurasian Collared-Dove
- Photo by Kathy Munsel-

Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto

The Eurasian Collared-Dove is quite similar to the Ringed Turtle-Dove but is somewhat larger with grayer underparts and darker primaries. It is a bird of agricultural areas and readily visits bird feeding stations in urban and rural neighborhoods.

During the 1600s this Indian species began to expand its range until today it occurs in all of Europe and most of Asia. After introductions in the Bahamas in 1974 and Guadeloupe in 1976 it soon expanded throughout the Caribbean and reached Florida by 1980. It is now expanding into other parts of North America, reaching Oregon in 1988. It is expected to eventually colonize most of North America.

Hear the sounds of the Eurasian Collared-Dove

Mourning Dove
Mourning Dove adult
-Photo by Dave Budeau-

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura

The mournful, drawn-out coo, coo, coo vocalization of a male Mourning Dove advertising for a mate is a familiar sound to suburbanites and country-dwellers alike. Annual sunflower is a popular food in Oregon.

This species is abundant in spring, summer, and early fall statewide in open landscapes, except along the coast and in the higher elevations of the east Cascades.

Hear the song of the Mourning Dove

Glossary of terms | Sources: Atlas of Oregon Wildlife | The Oregon Bird Records Committee | Birds of Oregon

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