The Oregon Seal Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife  
 » ODFW Home    » Fish Division    » Private Ponds   » Umpqua Basin
About Us Fishing Hunting Viewing License/Regs Conservation Living With Wildlife Education
Regulating harvest, protection, and enhancement of fish populations

Private Fish Ponds - Umpqua Basin

Fish stocking in Oregon is carefully regulated by ODFW to ensure that the stocking of fish into private ponds does not affect fish populations in or below the pond site. Stocking fish in any streams or public lakes is prohibited statewide. Therefore, a Fish Transportation permit is needed in order to (a) transport live fish into, within or out of this state, (b) hold any live fish in the waters of this state, or (c) release or attempt to release any live fish into the waters of this state. A separate Fish Transportation Permit is needed for each release site but not for each delivery of fish made to a site during the authorized permit period, providing the total number of fish delivered does not exceed the number authorized to be transported under the permit. It is important to note that the Fish Transportation rules do not apply to aquaria fish intended for aquaria use.  Aquaria can vary in size but are generally small home garden ponds which are self-contained and are generally filled domestic water supply and have no outlet into state waters.

The type of fish that you can stock in your pond is determined by a local ODFW fisheries biologist and Fish Division Managers. ODFW fish stocking guidelines for private ponds are intended to provide private pond owners a clear list of fish species approved for their local areas and what pond conditions must be in place for stocking to occur. Biologists will also provide general advice on which fish species are most likely to thrive in your pond without harming native fish communities. As Oregon has many native fish species and some are listed as endangered species or sensitive species, some stocking may not be allowed in areas where stocking of non native fish may pose a risk to native species. Generally speaking, stocking of rainbow trout is allowed statewide in ponds with adequate screens or ponds with no outlets. Triploid trout are preferred in areas where ponds are located in a floodplain and in general are preferred for private pond stocking. New ponds that do not have a record of being stocked will need to be inspected by ODFW staff before a transport permit is approved. If your pond has not been previously stocked with a certain species, biologists may wish to inspect your pond if you wish to add different species than what it is currently present. If other native species such as spotted frog and pond turtles are present, fish stocking may not be allowed; however, ODFW is interested in working cooperatively with landowners who may have these species in their ponds.

Many warmwater species are not allowed to be stocked due to their negative impact on native species such as the Umpqua Chub. Brook trout or brown trout stocking are not allowed in Oregon under Oregon Revised Rule 635-007-0600(5)(a).

Many other species of fish common to the Midwest and Eastern part of the United States are prohibited in Oregon. Some of these species include: Carp (Silver, Snakehead, Bighead, etc.), Bowfin, Alligator gar, Pike, and Muskellunge (OAR 635-056-0050 and 635-006-0230).

A list of prohibited species (pdf)

  “Grass carp” (Cteneropharyngodon idella) require a special stocking permit as they are a controlled species.

More information on grass carp

The table below lists species of fish currently propagated by licensed private fish producers in Oregon that are available for stocking into private ponds if ponds meet stocking guidelines in the basin.  For more information, you may call the local ODFW biologist at 541-440-3353.

Fish Stocking Guide-Umpqua Basin

Type of Fish



Bass, largemouth and smallmouth

In approved areas only.

No stocking allowed of smallmouth bass in the North Umpqua drainage above Winchester Dam. Winchester Dam is a fish passage barrier, and no smallmouth (or very few) pass over the dam. This is the only way to limit spread of smallmouth which are prolific in North and mainstem Umpqua.

No stocking allowed of smallmouth bass in the Smith River Subbasin.

Bluegill or Pumpkinseed

In approved areas only.

All stocking requests will be evaluated on a case by case basis in the entire basin. Ponds must be properly screened and not in a floodplain.

Brook Trout

Not allowed anywhere in the basin.

No brook trout stocking allowed in any area of the Umpqua basin.

Brown Trout

Not allowed anywhere in the basin.

No brown trout stocking allowed in any area of the Umpqua basin.

Bullhead catfish

In approved areas only.

All stocking requests will be evaluated on a case by case basis in the entire basin. No stocking allowed into ponds in floodplains or ponds with unscreened outlets.

Channel catfish

No stocking allowed anywhere in the basin.

Currently channel catfish are not present in the Umpqua basin and due to their deleterious effects on native species they are not allowed.

Crappie, White and Black

Blak Crappie are allowed in approved areas only.

No stocking of white crappie allowed in the basin

No stocking allowed of white crappie in the basin as they are not present currently.

Mosquitofish (“Gambusia”)

In approved areas only.

No stocking allowed in water bodies with any connection to flowing water, regardless of screen specifications.

Rainbow Trout
(includes  triploids, Kamloops, Golden, Donaldson Trout)

Rainbow trout may be stocked in approved ponds with no outlets or ponds with adequate screening.

Triploid trout are preferred in ponds located in areas where there is any possibility of the fish escaping or in ponds located in floodplain areas.


In approved areas only.

White sturgeon are not native to the Umpqua basin and stocking requests will be evaluated on a case by case basis to ensure that ponds provide adequate confinement and are suitable for stocking.


About Us | Fishing | Hunting | Wildlife Viewing | License / Regs | Conservation | Living with Wildlife | ODFW Outdoors

ODFW Home | Driving Directions | Employee Directory | Social Media | | File Formats | Employee Webmail | ODFW License Agents

4034 Fairview Industrial Drive SE   ::   Salem, OR 97302   ::    Main Phone (503) 947-6000 or (800) 720-ODFW [6339]

Do you have a question or comment for ODFW? Contact ODFW's Public Service Representative at:
Share your opinion or comments on a Fish and Wildlife Commission issue at

   © ODFW. All rights reserved. This page was last updated: 11/22/2011 3:01 PM