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Fish MARINE RESOURCES
Commercial and recreational marine fisheries
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Port sampler interviewing returning anglers.

Welcome to the Ocean Salmon Management Program
(commercial troll salmon and ocean recreational salmon fisheries)

New ocean salmon anglers.

Recreational ocean salmon regulations:

State waters only fall Chinook terminal area seasons:

  • None scheduled for fall of 2022

Commercial troller waiting and watching.

Commercial ocean troll salmon regulations:

  • NEW! Oregon ocean commercial troll salmon seasons (Weekly landing and possession limits changed North of Cape Falcon PDF updated 6/22/2022; N. of Falcon will reopen for period of 6/23-29 with 13 chinook per vessel for the open period)

  • NEW! PFMC adopted ocean commercial troll salmon regulation table (full details) (PDF)

  • 2022 PFMC adopted ocean salmon regulations (in Preseason Report III) - (updated 4/22/22)

  • PFMC 2022 range of season alternatives adopted for public review(graphic representation of recreational and commercial troll range of alternatives for public review and comment PDF, updated 3/16/2022)

  • 2022 Incidental troll Pacific Halibut: Retention of Pacific Halibut is allowed only for boats who have been issued a permit specifically for retention of incidental Pacific Halibut in the troll salmon fishery by the International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC). Permit applications were due to IPHC in mid-March.
    > Season dates: Open concurrent with ocean troll salmon seasons from April 1 through June 30, and after June 30 if quota remains and the season has been authorized by the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and noticed on the NMFS hotline numbers 800-662-9825 or 800-526-6667
    > Landing limits: Vessels are allowed to land or possess on board a vessel no more that 1 Pacific Halibut for each 2 Chinook Salmon, except 1 Pacific Halibut may be landed or possessed without meeting the ratio requirement and no more than 35 Pacific Halibut may be landed per trip.
    > Minimum length: All retained Pacific Halibut must be no less than 32 inches in total length (head-on).
    > Quota: 44,599 lbs.


  • Current year management action notices and updates

 

State waters only fall Chinook terminal area seasons:

  • None scheduled for fall of 2022

Oregon Managment Areas

Other regulation information:

 

Related links:

 

Two Chinook on top and one coho on bottom.

Catch and quota updates:

Last updated: June 15, 2022

 

THIS SEASON CLOSED ON AUGUST 29: updated through Sept. 15, 2021 (pdf) - last updated September 23, 2021

Updated through June 19, 2022 (pdf) - last updated June 24, 2022

Recent management actions and updates:

 

June 22, 2022 COMMERCIAL TROLL SALMON ACTION NOTICE: The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in consultation with the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), the State of Oregon, the State of Washington, and fishery representatives met today via conference call and have taken the following in-season management action related to the commercial troll salmon season from the US/Canada border to Cape Falcon:


ACTIONS TAKEN:
NMFS will reopen the commercial salmon troll fishery across the entire north of Cape Falcon area, regardless of subarea, for the period of June 23 through June 29 with an open period limit of 13 Chinook per vessel.  By rule, all catch from this season must be landed and delivered no later than 11:59 PM on June 30.


RATIONALE:
The total Chinook landings in the area from the US/Canada Border to Cape Falcon, Oregon are estimated to be 17,468 Chinook out of the spring quota of 18,000 Chinook leaving a remainder of 532 Chinook on the quota.  Landings for the most recent week (June 9-15) are estimated at 1,001 Chinook under a 25 Chinook per vessel limit.  By reducing the weekly limit to 13 Chinook it should allow the fishery to approach the quota without exceeding it.  Additional information for Oregon vessels participating in this fishery:

  • Vessels landing in Oregon with any catch from North of Cape Falcon are limited to only fishing between Leadbetter Pt., WA and Cape Falcon, OR.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon must possess a valid commercial license and a valid troll salmon permit.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon are limited to locations on the Oregon side of the Columbia River, the beaches at Gearhart/Seaside and Cannon Beach, or into Garibaldi.
  • Fishers may not possess Chinook salmon South of Cape Falcon, OR that are less than 28” total length, except that fishers may possess and land Chinook salmon that meet the minimum length of 27” total length on those dates when the troll salmon season has been closed South of Cape Falcon for 48 hours or more.  There are no dates for this last opening that meet that criteria.
Vessels landing salmon in Oregon from any season North of Cape Falcon are required to notify ODFW within one hour of delivery or prior to transport away from the port of landing by either calling 541-857-2546 or sending notification via e-mail to nfalcon.trollreport@odfw.oregon.gov Notification shall include vessel name and number, number of salmon by species, port of landing and location of delivery, and estimated time of delivery.

June 9, 2022 COMMERCIAL TROLL SALMON ACTION NOTICE: The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in consultation with the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), the State of Oregon, the State of Washington, and fishery representatives met today via conference call and have taken the following in-season management action related to the commercial troll salmon season from the US/Canada border to Cape Falcon:

ACTIONS TAKEN:
NMFS has modified the Chinook salmon landing and possession limit for the commercial salmon troll fishery across the entire north of Cape Falcon area, regardless of subarea, to 25 Chinook per vessel per week (Thursday-Wednesday) starting 12:01 AM Friday, June 10 through Wednesday, June 15, 2022.  The spring season would close effective at 11:59 PM on June 15 and remain closed through June 30.  By rule, all catch from this season must be landed and delivered no later than 11:59 PM on June 16.

RATIONALE: 
The total Chinook landings in the area from the US/Canada Border to Cape Falcon, Oregon are estimated to be 16,457 Chinook out of the spring quota of 18,000 Chinook leaving a remainder of 1,543 Chinook on the quota.  Landings for the most recent week (June 2-8) are estimated at 1,517 Chinook under a 40 Chinook per vessel limit.  By bumping the weekly limit up from 20 to 25 Chinook it should allow the fishery to approach the quota without exceeding it.  Any remaining quota from the spring season will be rolled to the summer season on an impact neutral basis.  Additional information for Oregon vessels participating in this fishery:

  • Vessels landing in Oregon with any catch from North of Cape Falcon are limited to only fishing between Leadbetter Pt., WA and Cape Falcon, OR.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon must possess a valid commercial license and a valid troll salmon permit.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon are limited to locations on the Oregon side of the Columbia River, the beaches at Gearhart/Seaside and Cannon Beach, or into Garibaldi.
  • Fishers may not possess Chinook salmon South of Cape Falcon, OR that are less than 28” total length, except that fishers may possess and land Chinook salmon that meet the minimum length of 27” total length on those dates when the troll salmon season has been closed South of Cape Falcon for 48 hours or more.  Those dates for this last opening would be June 15-16.
  • Vessels landing salmon in Oregon from any season North of Cape Falcon are required to notify ODFW within one hour of delivery or prior to transport away from the port of landing by either calling 541-857-2546 or sending notification via e-mail to nfalcon.trollreport@odfw.oregon.gov Notification shall include vessel name and number, number of salmon by species, port of landing and location of delivery, and estimated time of delivery.

 

May 25, 2022 COMMERCIAL TROLL SALMON ACTION NOTICE: The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in consultation with the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), the State of Oregon, the State of Washington, and fishery representatives met today via conference call and have taken the following in-season management action related to the commercial troll salmon season from the US/Canada border to Cape Falcon:


ACTIONS TAKEN:
NMFS has modified the Chinook salmon landing and possession limit for the commercial salmon troll fishery across the entire north of Cape Falcon area, regardless of subarea, to: 40 Chinook per vessel per week (Thursday-Wednesday) starting 12:01 AM May 26 through June 8, 2022; and 20 Chinook per vessel per week (Thursday-Wednesday) starting 12:01 AM June 9 through June 29, 2022.


RATIONALE:  The total Chinook landings in the area from the US/Canada Border to Cape Falcon, Oregon are estimated to be at 13,500 out of the spring quota of 18,000 leaving a remainder of 4,500 Chinook on the quota.  Landings for the current week are estimated at 5,250 Chinook at the end of the day.  The approved stepdown approach may allow the fishery to continue through the month of May, but additional actions may be necessary to avoid exceeding the spring quota. :

  • Vessels landing in Oregon are limited to only fishing between Leadbetter Pt., WA and Cape Falcon, OR.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon must possess a valid commercial license and a valid troll salmon permit.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon are limited to locations on the Oregon side of the Columbia River, the beaches at Gearhart/Seaside and Cannon Beach, or into Garibaldi.
  • Fishers may not possess Chinook salmon South of Cape Falcon, OR that are less than 28” total length, except that fishers may possess and land Chinook salmon that meet the minimum length of 27” total length on those dates when the troll salmon season has been closed South of Cape Falcon for 48 hours or more (those dates for the 2022 May through September seasons are anticipated to be June 15-17, July 3-4, July 12-16, July 24, August 3, August 14-31,  September 7-10, and September 17-30).
  • All salmon must be delivered during the landing week or they will apply against the week in which they are possessed and delivered.
  • Vessels landing salmon in Oregon from any season North of Cape Falcon are required to notify ODFW within one hour of delivery or prior to transport away from the port of landing by either calling 541-857-2546 or sending notification via e-mail to nfalcon.trollreport@odfw.oregon.gov Notification shall include vessel name and number, number of salmon by species, port of landing and location of delivery, and estimated time of delivery.

April 22, 2022 COMMERCIAL TROLL SALMON ACTION NOTICE: The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in consultation with the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), the State of Oregon, the State of Washington, and fishery representatives met today via conference call and have taken the following in-season management action related to the commercial troll salmon season from the US/Canada border to Cape Falcon:
ACTIONS TAKEN:

  • The commercial troll salmon fishery for all salmon except coho from the US/Canada Border to Cape Falcon will be open for the period of May 1-15.  This season will follow the rules and specifications adopted by the PFMC on April 12 for the 2022 seasons.  This season will continue through the earlier of June 29; the May-June overall quota of 18,000 Chinook salmon; or the Leadbetter Pt., WA to Cape Falcon, OR May-June subarea quota of 4,840 Chinook salmon (see additional regulations below).
  • The minimum length for Chinook salmon beginning with the May 1, 2022 season opening from the US/Canada Border to Cape Falcon will be 27” total length (this length will apply in all open seasons in this area through May 15, 2022 unless modified by in-season action).

RATIONALE:  These actions will bring the adopted seasons from 2021 into compliance with the recently adopted seasons for 2022 which encompasses salmon seasons for the period of May 16, 2022 through May 15, 2023.  Additional regulations that apply to vessels fishing out of Oregon North of Cape Falcon that apply to the 2022 seasons include:

  • Vessels landing in Oregon are limited to only fishing between Leadbetter Pt., WA and Cape Falcon, OR.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon must possess a valid commercial license and a valid troll salmon permit.
  • Vessels landing into Oregon are limited to locations on the Oregon side of the Columbia River, the beaches at Gearhart/Seaside and Cannon Beach, or into Garibaldi.
  • Fishers may not possess Chinook salmon South of Cape Falcon, OR that are less than 28” total length, except that fishers may possess and land Chinook salmon that meet the minimum length of 27” total length on those dates when the troll salmon season has been closed South of Cape Falcon for 48 hours or more (those dates for the 2022 May through September seasons are anticipated to be May 18-20, June 15-17, July 3-4, July 12-16, July 24, August 3, August 14-31,  September 7-10, and September 17-30).
  • Vessels fishing in the area between Leadbetter Pt., WA and Cape Falcon, OR are limited to no more than 80 Chinook per landing week (Thursday through Wednesday) from May 1 through June 29, and all salmon must be delivered during the landing week or they will also apply against the week in which they are possessed and delivered.
  • Vessels landing salmon in Oregon from any season North of Cape Falcon are required to notify ODFW within one hour of delivery or prior to transport away from the port of landing by either calling 541-857-2546 or sending notification via e-mail to nfalcon.trollreport@odfw.oregon.gov Notification shall include vessel name and number, number of salmon by species, port of landing and location of delivery, and estimated time of delivery.

April 12, 2022 COMMERCIAL TROLL SALMON ACTION NOTICE: The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in consultation with the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), the State of Oregon, the State of California and fishery advisors met today via a blended conference call and in person meeting and have taken the following in-season management actions related to the commercial troll Chinook salmon fishery off Oregon prior to May 16:
ACTIONS TAKEN:

  1. The commercial troll salmon fishery from Cape Falcon to the Heceta Bank Line (43D 58’ 00” N), which is currently open, will continue through May 15, 2022.  This area is anticipated to reopen for the period of May 21-June 12 under the PFMC regulation proposals adopted on April 12.  Additional regulations apply.
  2. The commercial troll salmon fishery from the Heceta Bank Line (43D 58’ 00” N) to Humbug Mt. (currently closed) will open for the period of May 1-15.  This area is anticipated to reopen for the period of May 21-31 under the PFMC regulation proposals adopted on April 12.  Additional regulations apply.
  3. The commercial troll salmon fishery from Humbug Mt. to the OR/CA Border will close effective 11:59PM on April 30.  This area is anticipated to reopen on June 1 with a June quota of 800 Chinook and weekly (Thurs-Wed) limits of 50 Chinook per vessel under the PFMC regulation proposals adopted on April 12.  Additional regulations apply including mandatory reporting at the end of each trip during all openings in June, July, and August.

RATIONALE:  These changes, along with the adopted seasons and regulations for the remainder of 2022, were preferred by industry representatives to assist in severe challenges in managing the impacts on Klamath River fall Chinook and lower Columbia River Natural fall Chinook.  These changes will provide the mix of commercial troll opportunity for the 2022 season that are anticipated to provide the best mix of time on the water and harvest rates.
Seasons for the salmon fishery management year from May 16, 2022 through May 15, 2023 have been adopted by the PFMC and now await final approval by the US Dept. of Commerce. Links to the PFMC adopted seasons are available on this website and will soon be available at the Pacific Fishery Management Council’s website at https://www.pcouncil.org/ which is linked above.

March 14, 2022 INFORMATIONAL UPDATE: The Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) has completed their March meeting. During the meeting a range of alternatives for ocean recreational, commercial troll, and commercial Indian troll salmon seasons for ocean fisheries off Washington, Oregon, and California were adopted for public review and comment prior to final adoption at the April PFMC meeting scheduled for April 6-13. Public comments can be provided to the PFMC via their E-Portal for comments relevant to the April meeting. In addition, there will be on-line public hearings scheduled at 7:00 PM for California input on March 22, Washington input on March 22, and Oregon input on March 23. More details on these hearings and how to connect can be found on the PFMC's website.

The adopted alternatives can be found here:

March 11, 2022 COMMERCIAL TROLL SALMON ACTION NOTICE: The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in consultation with the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC), the State of Oregon, and the State of California met today via a blended conference call and in person meeting and have taken the following in-season management action related to the scheduled March and April commercial troll Chinook salmon openings off Oregon:
ACTIONS TAKEN:

  1. The commercial troll salmon fishery scheduled to open on March 15 in the areas from Cape Falcon to the Heceta Bank management line (43o 58’ 00” N lat.). and from Humbug Mt. to the Oregon/California Border will open as scheduled on March 15th.  The early season will be open for all salmon except coho from March 15 through April 30 with a 28” minimum total length for Chinook Salmon, no more than 4 spreads per wire, and single-point barbless hooks required.  Open dates in May, and for the remainder of the 2022 season, are still under development and will be defined at the April PFMC meeting and via further inseason action.
  2. The commercial troll salmon fishery scheduled to open on March 15 in the area from the Heceta Bank management line (43o 58’ 00” N lat.). to Humbug Mt. will NOT OPEN and will REMAIN CLOSED through April 30.   Open dates in May and for the remainder of the 2022 season are still under development and will be defined at the April PFMC meeting and via further inseason action.
  3. The incidental commercial troll Pacific Halibut season will open for 2022 effective April 1 for those areas open for commercial troll Chinook salmon fishing for those vessels with an incidental troll halibut permit issued by the International Pacific Halibut Commission (IPHC) for the 2022 season. The Pacific Halibut regulations include a ratio limit of 1 halibut per each 2 Chinook plus 1 halibut outside of the ratio, a maximum of 35 halibut per trip, and a minimum head-on total length of 32 inches.

RATIONALE:  The closure from the Heceta Bank management line (43o58’00” N lat.). to Humbug Mt. was preferred by industry representatives to assist in managing impacts on Klamath River fall Chinook in order to provide adequate opportunity as requested from fishery participants for the fishing seasons that are currently under development.
Seasons from May 16, 2022 through early May 15, 2023 are currently being developed (seasons prior to May 16 will be addressed through further inseason action). Season alternatives will be reviewed and a final season recommendation made at the April Pacific Fishery Management Council public meeting.  Interested members of the public should visit www.pcouncil.org for information on how to participate in the April meeting.

January 3, 2022 - PRE-SEASON PLANNING: OCEAN SALMON MEETING NOTICE: (Meeting notes and video recordings added below on 3/1/2022)

The 2022 Ocean Salmon Pre-season Planning meeting is scheduled for Monday, February 28, 2022. This meeting will provide a review of the 2021 seasons, take a first look at the 2022 salmon forecasts, and develop a set of Oregon preferred recreational and commercial ocean salmon season concepts via public input to take forward through the Pacific Fishery Management Council (PFMC) regulation setting process. The meeting will be held virtually on-line this year due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic limitations (see details below).
This meeting is open to all ocean sport fishing anglers and charter operators, commercial salmon troll fishers, and any others interested in participating in the development of the 2022 ocean salmon seasons. Staff from ODFW will provide background materials and presentations and then work with meeting attendees to develop preferred season alternatives to use as guidance moving forward through the Pacific Fishery Management Council's season setting process. The on-line meeting is planned to start at 10:00 AM on Monday, February 28. It is recommended that participants test their system prior to the meeting to iron out any technical problems they may have (option is available to call in by phone).  There will be a lunch break between 12:00 PM and 1:00 PM that will also give participants time to formulate concepts for proposals. Links to the agenda and briefing materials for the meeting will be posted at www.dfw.state.or.us/mrp/salmon/ as they come available in January and February.
Please visit the PFMC’s website at https://www.pcouncil.org/  for details on their March and April meetings. 

Meeting Materials: (will be posted here as they come available):

Topic: 2022 Ocean Salmon Pre-season Planning Meeting
Time: Feb 28, 2022; 10:00 AM – 3:00 PM Pacific Time (US and Canada)
Microsoft Teams meeting
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+1 503-446-4951   837708957#   United States, Portland
Phone Conference ID: 837 708 957#
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Project Overview

The Ocean Sampling Project (Ocean Salmon Management Program (OSMP)) monitors ocean commercial and recreational salmon fisheries for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). The project collects and analyzes data from Oregon's commercial and recreational ocean salmon fisheries, including catch and fishing effort, recovers these and other sources to assist in the develop of management.

The Ocean Sampling Project is made up of two sub-units: The Commercial Troll Salmon Project (CTSP) and the Ocean Recreational Boat Survey (ORBS). ORBS collects the information needed to managed all ocean recreational fisheries, and the CTSP collects the information needed information for managing the ocean commercial troll salmon fishery.

ORBS makes estimates of the ocean recreational catch and effort by boat type (charter and private). Interviews are conducted randomly of ocean boats to generate estimates of catch for both salmon and non-salmon species. All sampled salmon are examined for the presence of a CWT. Additional biological data are collected from salmon and non-salmon species, and anglers are also interviewed regarding released fish species.

The Ocean Sampling Project is staffed by a project leader and an assistant project leader at Newport, and two sampling coordinators; one each at Tillamook and Charleston. The sampling coordinators serve as liaison between field samplers, fishery participants, and program staff at Newport; deliver data and coded wire tags to Newport; and also provide additional sampling when needed. We regularly sample fishery landings at all primary Oregon coastal ports, utilizing approximately 20 to 30 seasonal samplers.

 

The Ocean Salmon Management Program

The Ocean Salmon Management Program (OSMP) monitors ocean commercial and recreational salmon fisheries, and conducts ocean and coastal river's investigations for the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife (ODFW). The program uses data from these and other sources to develop management recommendations for the best use of Oregon's salmon resources, and to evaluate proposed ocean salmon fishery regulations.

The Ocean Sampling Project collects and analyzes data on Oregon's commercial ocean salmon fishery, including catch and fishing effort, recovers coded wire tags (CWTs), and gathers average weight data from commercial salmon landings.

The Ocean Sampling Project also conducts the Ocean Recreational Boat Survey (ORBS) to estimate effort and catch in the ocean recreational boat fishery. The ORBS estimates total ocean sport effort by boat type (charter and private), and interviews are conducted randomly of ocean boats to generate estimates of catch for both salmon and non-salmon species.  All sampled salmon are examined for the presence of a CWT.  Additional biological data are collected from salmon and non-salmon species, and anglers are also interviewed regarding released fish species and other specifics about their trip. A description of the ORBS design can be found here.

The OSMP sampling project is staffed by a project leader and an assistant project leader at Newport, and two sampling coordinators; one each at Tillamook and Charleston. The sampling coordinators serve as liaison between field samplers, fishery participants, and program staff at Newport; deliver data and coded wire tags to Newport; and also provide additional sampling when needed. We regularly sample fishery landings at all primary Oregon coastal ports, utilizing approximately 20 to 30 seasonal samplers.

OCEAN TROLL SALMON FISHERY

The commercial salmon troll fishery was developing off the Oregon Coast by the year 1912. By 1919, there were between one and two thousand boats trolling off the mouth of the Columbia River. The State of Oregon began recording troll landings separately from gillnet fisheries in 1925.

Landings of ocean troll caught coho salmon remained relatively stable from 1925 to 1941, with landings between 2,000,000 and 4,000,000 pounds (dressed weight: head-on, viscera removed) for most years. From 1942 to 1950 catches remained near 1,000,000 pounds annually, but by 1957 landings had climbed back up to 3,400,000 pounds. The El Niño of 1958-59 resulted in landings dropping back below 1,000,000 pounds or 200,000 fish. During the 1960s and early 1970s, improved hatchery production and rearing techniques, a growing troll fleet, and good ocean survival rates of smolts to adults resulted in record landings that peaked in 1976 with 1,800,000 coho landed. From the mid 1970s and continuing into the 1990s, Oregon's ocean coho fishery has been characterized by continuing poor ocean environmental conditions and poor overall survival, increasing management restrictions, and reduced ocean harvest opportunities. Most recently, ocean conditions have shown improvements, and changes in management approaches for coho salmon have began to provide modest increases in fishing opportunity for recreational anglers.

Although chinook harvest by the Oregon troll fishery has also seen dramatic fluctuations, the long term trend was one of increasing landings. The troll chinook fishery had record harvests in 1987 and 1988. The late 1980s and early 1990s have seen a decline in harvest due to decreases in many stocks, concern for critical natural stocks under both state and federal management and the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA), together with increasing allocation conflicts between river and ocean user groups. From 2006-10, there were major declines in first Klamath River fall Chinook and then Sacramento River fall Chinook that resulted in near complete closure of Chinook harvest in several years. By 2012, the situation had done a complete turn around with Sacramento Chinook back to average numbers and the Klamath coming in with a near record abundance.

Historically, coho salmon predominated in the landings, but since the mid-1980's Chinook landings have equaled coho, and in many years made up the majority of the catch. This is primarily due to lower coho survival rates and much higher chinook survival rates and catch in the late 1980s. The commercial troll fishery has not had any significant coho opportunity to the South of Cape Falcon since 1992, and Chinook will predominate in the landings unless coho populations recover substantially to allow directed coho fisheries to resume coast wide.

Entry into the troll fishery was unrestricted until 1980 when a permit moratorium was adopted. Although 4,311 vessels already had Oregon troll permits, a goal of 2,400 vessels licensed to troll for salmon in Oregon was established. At the request of the troll industry, the Legislature reduced the permit cap to 1,800 then to 1,200 and finally to 1,000. In 2012, the permit cap was eliminated, but no means to re-issue permits was provided. This will result in a continued slow decline in the number of permits in the fishery. In most recent years, approximately 40-60% of the issued permits have actually fished in any given season.

OCEAN RECREATIONAL SALMON FISHERY

Oregon's ocean recreational salmon fishery originated with boats fishing in the bays on stocks returning to freshwater in the fall. A few boats would venture out into the ocean on favorable days. The late 1940s and early 1950s marked the beginning of increasing effort by both the charter and private boat fleet in the ocean. Better and safer equipment plus the development of small boat basins and launching ramps and other support facilities in many coastal towns encouraged ocean fishing.

The primary targeted species of the Oregon recreational fleet has traditionally been coho salmon with chinook a distant second. The fishery has been sampled by ODFW's Ocean Salmon Management Program since the early 1960s. Ocean creel data was supplemented by salmon/steelhead tag license data through the 1980 season. An extensive statistical creel data collection program began in 1979, and that data has been the sole source since 1981.

The peak catch and effort year was 1976 when 538,400 angler trips resulted in a catch of 79,300 chinook and 501,300 coho. The daily bag limit in 1976 was 3 salmon and the season lasted from April 10 to December 31. In 1996, the seasons and catch quotas were very limited; and resulted in an ocean catch of only 11,210 chinook and 7,176 coho from 43,962 salmon angler trips.

Beginning in 1994, Oregon's ocean recreational fishery was limited to chinook salmon.  In 1998, the first selective hatchery coho (fin-clipped) fisheries were authorized off Oregon.  These selective fisheries have allowed limited, but successful, targeted coho salmon fisheries to resume. In 2011, small scale non-selective coho seasons were opened along the Central Coast in September. A result of strong recovery of the Oregon Coastal Natural (OCN) coho; this opportunity in September has proven to be an effective management option to target the abundant OCN coho while limiting fishery impacts on other coho populations of concern. These September seasons have also been very popular with the angling public.

 

Contact:

Eric Schindler - Project Leader
E-mail: Eric.D.Schindler@odfw.oregon.gov

Justine Kenyon-Benson - Assistant Project Leader
E-mail: Justine.Kenyon-Benson@odfw.oregon.gov

Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife
2040 SE Marine Science Drive
Newport, Oregon 97365
(541) 867-4741

 

Link to salmon identification guide

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