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RockfishFinfish Species

Rockfish in Oregon

Oregon sport and commercial fishermen commonly catch over 25 different species of rockfish. At least 13 additional species occur off Oregon that are infrequently caught. Many of these rockfish have similar characteristics and are difficult to tell apart. All but two species (the thorny heads Sebastolobus alascanus and Sebastolobus altivelis, or idiots) are included in the genus Sebastes. These species are collectively or individually called rockfish, rockcod, snapper, sea bass, and other names. Identification of rockfish species is desirable for good management.

This page presents a picture and description of each species. Fish descriptions include anatomical features which aid in species identification. Size, range, habitat, known depths and other common names are also included. Much of the text is taken from the Alaska Sea Grant College Program Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25, Guide to Northeast Pacific Rockfishes Genera Sebastes and Sebastolobus, by Donald E. Kramer and Victoria M. O'Connell, 1995 edition.

The pictures were taken at sea or on freshly landed fish. Special thanks go to the commercial fishermen and processors for their help in making the fish available for photographing. We also wish to thank Dr. Howard Horton (Retired Fisheries Professor at Oregon State University) for his excellent color photo of canary rockfish.

Aurora Rockfish Sebastes aurora

Auroroa Rockfish Description

Rose-red to pink dorsal surface, silvery on sides and ventral surface. Small lobes projecting from anterior part of upper jaw. Long second anal fin spine.

Size

To 41 cm (16 inches)

Range/Habitat

Amphitrite Point, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, to Cedros Island, Baja California

Depth

68 to 420 fm

Remarks

Similar to splitnose rockfish (S. diploproa) in color and body shape.

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW, Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Bank Rockfish Sebastes rufus

Bank Rockfish Description

Dusky on back, light red on body; black in membranes of fins; usually with black spots on body and in dorsal fin.

Size

To 20 inches

Range/Habitat

Off Oregon to Guadalupe Island, Baja California

Depth

17 to 135 fm

Remarks

There is a form of this species that frequents deep water over muddy or sandy bottom without black spotting on body or in fins.

Other common names

red widow

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, Text: Guide to the Coastal Marine Fishes of California, Bulletin #157, Miller & Lea, 1972.

Black Rockfish Sebastes melanops

Black Rockfish Description

Dark gray to black becoming lighter ventrally. Light gray mottling on back. Black spots on dorsal fin. Rounded anal fin. Weak head spines and symphyseal knob.

Size

To 63 cm (25 inches)

Range/Habitat

Amchitka and Kodiak Islands, Alaska, to Baja California. Schooling over rocky reefs from bottom to surface.

Depth

To 200 fm. (common at depth from 0 to 40 fm)

Remarks

Commonly caught with both sport and troll gear. Important species in the sport fishery from Washington to California.

Other common names

black bass, black snapper, sea bass, salt and pepper

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Black and Yellow Rockfish Sebastes chrysomelas

Black and Yellow Rockfish Description

Body black with yellow blotches and spotting.

Size

To 39 cm (15 inches)

Range/Habitat

Eureka, CA to Baja, California

Depth

Shallow waters to 20 fm. Common in kelp beds and rocky water areas.

Remarks

Occasionally found in waters off Southern Oregon.

Credits

Picture: Nick Wilsman, ODFW

Blackgill Rockfish Sebastes melanostomus

Blackgill Rockfish Description

Body and fins uniformly dark red. Black on gill membranes, inside of mouth and often on tips of fins. Adults large.

Size

To 61 cm (24 inches)

Range/Habitat

Washington to central Baja California

Depth

Deepwater species, soft bottom, 120 to 420 fm

Remarks

Black gill membranes

Other common names

Blackmouth rockfish, Deepsea rockfish

Credits

Picture: Lauth, NMFS

Blue Rockfish Sebastes mystinus

Blue Rockfish Description

Blue or black body color with vague striping on forehead. Lighter ventrally. Dark fins and large pectoral fins. Anal fin slants.

Range/Habitat

Sitka, Alaska, to northern Baja California. Schooling rockfish, off bottom over reffs and pinnacles.

Depth

Surface to 300 fm (common in depths of 0 to 50 fm)

Remarks

Somtimes confused with black rockfish (S. melanops)

Other common names

sea bass, priestfish

Credits

Picture: Brandon Ford, ODFW

Bocaccio Rockfish Sebastes paucispinis

Bocaccio Rockfish Description

Olive brown on back, pink on sides. Lower jaw is long and extends behind eye. Short second anal fin spine.

Size

To 91 cm (36 inches)

Range/Habitat

Stepovak Bay, Alaska Peninsula, to Punta Blanca, Baja California.

Depth

0 to 260 fm (usually 40 to 175 fm)

Remarks

An important fish in the California commercial fishery. Very similar to silvergray rockfish (S. brevispinis), which has a long second anal fin spine. Symphyseal knob is less prominent in bocaccio.

Other common names

rock salmon, salmon grouper

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Brown Rockfish Sebastes auriculatus

Canary Rockfish Sebastes pinniger

Canary Rockfish Description

Bright yellow to orange mottled on a gray background gives body appearance of orange color. Fins orange, 3 orange stripes across head, gray along lateral line. Scales on lower jaw smooth.

Size

To 76 cm (30 inches)

Range/Habitat

Gulf of Alaska south of Shelikof Strait, Alaska, to Cape Colnett, Baja California.

Depth

0-232 fm (usually 50-110 fm) over hard bottom

Remarks

A schooling fish, common along the OR, WA and British Columbia coasts. High flesh quality makes it a commercially important species.

Other common names

orange rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bob Swingle, ODFW. Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Chilipepper Rockfish Sebastes goodei

Chilipepper Description

Pinkish red to copper pink, white ventrally, pink fins. Lateral line in red zone. Second anal spine short, edge of anal fin slants posteriorly. Chin projects outward. No spine on edge of gillraker.

Size

To 56 cm (22 inches)

Range/Habitat

Queen Charlotte Sound, British Columbia, to Magdalena Bay, Baja California.

Depth

Surface to 232 fm

Remarks

Commercially important in California.

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

China Rockfish Sebastes nebulosus

China Rockfish Description

Blue or black body color, mottled with yellow. Broad yellow stripe starting on third dorsal spine and running along the side. Head spines thick, parietal ridges very high and thick. Mouth small.

Size

To 45 cm (18 inches)

Range/Habitat

Kachemak Bay, Cook Inlet, Alaska, to San Miguel Island, California. Often found in crevices.

Depth

2 to 70 fm; more common in waters less than 50 fm on rocky reefs

Remarks

A shallow water rockfish. Important in domestic Asian markets.

Other common names

yellowstripe rockfish

Credits

Picture: Brandon Ford, ODFW

Copper Rockfish Sebastes caurinus

Copper Rockfish Description

Variable coloration: dark brown or olive brown to copper with pink or yellow blotches, white undersides. Dorsal fins dark copper brown to black with some white. Rear two-thirds of lateral line is light. Fish from South of Point Blanco, OR, often have more pronounced (deeply incised) spines and have orange-pink and coppery-yellow coloration and a dark "V" behind the eye.

Size

To 58 cm (23 inches)

Range/Habitat

Gulf of Alaska to Baja, California

Depth

Shallow waters to 100 fm; common in rocky, shallow water areas.

Remarks

Common inshore rockfish

Other common names

Whitebelly rockfish

Credits

Picture: Brandon Ford, ODFW

Cowcod Rockfish Sebastes levis

Cowcod Rockfish Description

Yellowish-red with pink fins. Several faint vertical bars on sides of adults. Juveniles yellow with dark bars. Very wide suborbital bone. Deeply incised dorsal fin in adults.

Range/Habitat

Mostly found off California

Depth

11 to 200 fm

Other common names

cowfish, roosterfish

Credits

Picture: Courtesy of Uber, NMFS

Darkblotched Rockfish Sebastes crameri

Darkblotched Rockfish Description

Deep bodied, pinkish with 5 dark patches on back (3 under spinous dorsal fin, 1 under soft dorsal fin, 1 under caudal peduncle). Second anal fin spine shorter than third.

Size

To 58 cm (23 inches)

Range/Habitat

Bering Sea to Santa Catalina Island, California

Depth

14 to 328 fm

Other common names

blackblotched rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Gopher Rockfish Sebastes carnatus

Gopher Rockfish Description

Stout body. Olive brown to reddish brown, mottled with pale areas of white to pink. Lower lip is orange

Size

To 43 cm (17 inches)

Range/Habitat

Rocky areas from Cape Blanco, OR, to Southern Baja California

Depth

To 40 fm, more common below 7 fm

Remarks

Very similar to black-and-yellow rockfish genetically, in behavior and in life history. Markings are also similar, but black-and-yellow rockfish adult color is olivaceous to black in dark portion, yellow in light sections, and it has a gray lower lip.

Other common names

Butterball, butter bass, red garrupa, spotted rock bass

Credits

Picture: Nick Wilsman, ODFW
Text: The Rockfish of the Northeast Pacific by Love, Yoklavich and Thorsteinson.

Grass Rockfish Sebastes rastrelliger

Grass Rockfish Description

Dark green above; mottled with lighter green or gray on side. Fins dark. Lower pectoral fin rays pinkish in some adults. Gill rakers on first arch short and blunt.

Size

To 56 cm (22 inches)

Range/Habitat

Yaquina Bay, OR, to Baja California

Depth

Usually less than 25 fm

Remarks

Common on rocky bottom in tidepools and near shore

Other common names

Scomoda

Credits

Picture: William Barss, ODFW

Greenspotted Rockfish Sebastes chlorostictus

Greenspotted Rockfish Description

Yellow pink body and fins with bright green spots and vermiculations on the back and top of head; whitish blotches on back.

Size

To 51 cm (20 inches)

Range/Habitat

Washington to Baja California

Depth

27 to 150 fm

Remarks

Similar to rosethorn rockfish, which does not have green spots

Other common names

chucklehead, Santa Maria

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW
Text: Bill Barss, ODFW

Greenstriped Rockfish Sebastes elongatus

Greenstriped Rockfish Description

Pinkish yellow with 3 or 4 horizontal green stripes on body; light ventrally. Green streaks on caudal fin membranes; slender body. Long second anal fin spine.

Size

To 39 cm (15 inches)

Range/Habitat

Chirikof and Montague Islands, Alaska, to Cedros Island, Baja California.
Preference for mixture of mud and rock bottom.

Depth

14 to 232 fm

Remarks

Occasionally caught on longline gear in southeast Alaska.

Other common names

cucumber, striped rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW
Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Harlequin Rockfish Sebastes variegatus

Harlequin Rockfish Description

Slender body. Pink to red with irregular dark markings interrupted by lighter band along two thirds of lateral line. Caudal fin has dark membranes and pink or red band terminating fin. Anal fin has black between second and third spines. Tip of spinous dorsal fin black.

Size

To 38 cm (15 inches)

Range/Habitat

Bowers Bank and Petrel Bank, Aleutian Islands, to Cobb Seamount off Oregon

Depth

38 to 305 fm

Remarks

Too small to be of high commercial value

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW; Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Northern Rockfish Sebastes polyspinis

Northern Rockfish Description

Dark red body color with dark gray mottling and orange flecks. Fourteen spines in dorsal fin. Weakly developed head spines, second anal fin spine as long as third. Top of head convex between eyes.

Size

To 41 cm (16 inches).

Range/Habitat

Bering Sea to Stalemate Bank off Graham Island, British Columbia.

Depth

0 to 342 fm.

Remarks

The only rockfish in the eastern Gulf of Alaska with 14 instead of 13 dorsal spines. Resembles Pacific ocean perch (S. alutus), which has a longer lower jaw and a very prominent symphyseal knob.

Credits

Picture: ODFW, Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Pacific Ocean Perch Sebastes alutus

Pacific Ocean Perch Description

Bright to light red, dark areas below back, mouth pink. Lower jaw with prominent forward directed symphyseal knob. Short second anal spine.

Size

To 51 cm (20 inches)

Range/Habitat

Honshu, Japan, into Bering Sea, along Aleutian Islands, and south to La Jolla, California. Schooling fish, abundant offshore.

Depth

Surface to 451 fm; most occur in 80 to 200 fm

Remarks

Very important commercially in the waters off the northwest Pacific. Stocks suffered severe population decline due to overharvesting.

Other common names

POP, longjaw rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Puget Sound Rockfish Sebastes emphaeus

Puget Sound Rockfish Description

Reddish brown to copper with dark blotches, fading to whitish ventrally. Red mouth, light fins, anal fin rounded.

Size

To 18 cm (7 inches)

Range/Habitat

Prince William Sound, Alaska, to Punta Gorda, California. Schools over rocky reefs.

Depth

0 to 200 fm

Remarks

Very small. Important prey for other rockfishes, particularly yelloweye rockfish (S. ruberrimus).

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW; Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Pygmy Rockfish Sebastes wilsoni

Pygmy Rockfish Description

A small rockfish, light brown tinged in red, lighter below. Four dark blotches along dorsal fin, dark pigment extends from back onto fin, may be vague. Brownish red stripe on lateral line. Coloration distinctly darker dorsally than ventrally.

Size

To 23 cm (9 inches)

Range/Habitat

Northern Gulf of Alaska to Baja California

Depth

16 to 150 fm

Remarks

An offshore species of no commercial importance due to small size

Other common names

slender rockfish, Wilson's rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW; Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Quillback Rockfish Sebastes maliger

Quillback Rockfish Description

Slate-brown mottled with yellow and orange. Deeply incised membranes on spinous dorsal fin. Strong head spines. Orange or brown mottling ventrally on head and anterior part of body. First dorsal fin with yellow streak. Deeply incised spinous dorsal fin.

Size

To 61 cm (24 inches)

Range/Habitat

Kodiak Island and Prince William Sound, Alaska, to Point Sur, California. Rocky bottom and reefs.

Depth

0 to 150 fm

Remarks

Preference for rocky bottom within the 50-fm edge; relative abundance decreases with increasing depth below 40 fm. Important commercially in southeast Alaska and British Columbia.

Other common names

orange-spotted rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bob Swingle, ODFW; Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Redbanded Rockfish Sebastes babcocki

Redbanded Rockfish Description

Light pink to red with four darker red vertical bars on body (one on caudal peduncle). Bars more prominent on smaller fish. First bar extends from front of first dorsal fin to base of pectoral fin.

Size

To 64 cm (25 inches)

Range/Habitat

Bering Sea and Amchitka Island, Alaska, to San Diego, California

Depth

Deepwater species, caught in 50 to 342 fm

Remarks

Coloration similar to flag rockfish (S. rubrivinctus), which does not commonly occur north of California.

Other common names

barber pole

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW; Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Redstripe Rockfish Sebastes proriger

Restripe Rockfish Description

Light red mottled with olive on back, lower sides flushed with yellow. Light red stripe along lateral line. Darkened lips, red fins with some light green or yellow. Very shallow notch in dorsal fin.

Size

To 51 cm (20 inches)

Range/Habitat

Bering Sea and Amchitka Island, Alaska, to San Diego, California

Depth

7 to 232 fm (most common at 70 to 150 fm)

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Rosethorn Rockfish Sebastes helvomaculatus

Rosethorn Rockfish Description

Orange or yellow with greenish mottling dorsally, lighter ventrally. Four to five squarish white spots tinged or bordered with light pink on back. Long second anal fin spine. A small rockfish.

Size

To 41 cm (16 inches)

Range/Habitat

Kodiak Island, Alaska, to Guadalupe Island, Baja California

Depth

40 to 300 fm

Remarks

Similar to greenspotted rockfish except without green spots.

Credits

Picture: Brandon Ford, ODFW

Rosy Rockfish Sebastes rosaceus

Rougheye Rockfish Description

Body color dark red and washed with yellow on blue sides. Four or five clear whitish blotches on sides. Purple bar across naupe behind eyes.

Size

Length to 51 cm (20 inches)

Range/Habitat

Washington and Cobb Seamount to Baja California

Depth

27 to 150 fm

Remarks

Specimen shown is from 150 fm near Cobb Seamount.

Other common names

corsair, dude (!)

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Rougheye Rockfish Sebastes aleutianus

Rougheye Rockfish Description

Red rockfish becoming pink on sides. Red fins, may have black edges. Identifiable by the 2 to 10 small spines below the eye on rim of orbit.

Size

To 97 cm (38 inches)

Range/Habitat

Japan into Bering Sea, throughout Aleutian Islands, and south to San Diego, California.

Depth

Deepwater, 14 to 478 fm, on bottom.

Remarks

Usually found in offshore waters.

Other common names

blacktip rockfish, buoy keg

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Sharpchin Rockfish Sebastes zacentrus

Sharpchin Rockfish Description

Pink to yellow pink, yellowish pink on sides, light below. With 5 to 6 vague dark markings on back, v-shaped dusky marking from eye to gill cover. Second anal fin spine longer than third. No spine on edge of gill cover.

Size

To 39 cm (15 inches)

Range/Habitat

Semisopochnoi Island, Aleutian Islands, to San Diego, California. Soft bottom.

Depth

14 to 260 fm

Remarks

Similar to Pacific Ocean Perch, which has a short second anal fin spine.

Other common names

 

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Shortbelly Rockfish Sebastes jordani

Shortbelly Rockfish Description

Slender, elongate body. Olive-pink above becoming light pink on sides. Vent halfway between anal fin and pelvic fin.

Size

To 32 cm (13 inches)

Range/Habitat

La Perouse Bank, Vancouver Island, British Columbia, to Benito Island, Baja California. Large schools.

Depth

Offshore and off bottom, 0 to 191 fm

Remarks

One of the smaller species of rockfish. Very abundant in California waters. Does not occur in the Gulf of Alaska. An important prey item for other fishes and seabirds.

Other common names

slender rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Shortraker Rockfish Sebastes borealis

Shortraker Rockfish Description

Reddish pink to orange red. Mouth red and may have black blotches. Adults large. Short gill rakers on first gill arch.

Size

To 108 cm (43 inches)

Range/Habitat

Southeast Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, in Bering Sea, and along Aleutian Islands to Point Conception, California

Depth

Deepwater species, 100 to 478 fm, on bottom

Remarks

Pores on lower jaw very large. Similar to rougheye rockfish (S. aleutianus), which has 2 to 10 spines below eye, rather than 0 to 1 for shortraker rockfish, and long gill rakers on first arch.

Other common names

buoy keg, grouper

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Silvergray Rockfish Sebastes brevispinis

Silvergray Rockfish Description

Greenish to silver gray, white tinged with orange or pink ventrally. Black lips, lower jaw long and protruding beyond upper jaw.

Size

To 71 cm (28 inches)

Range/Habitat

Bering Sea to Baja California

Depth

Surface to 205 fm

Remarks

Similar to bocaccio (S. paucispinis) which has shorter second anal fin spine. Silvergray rockfish has 17 or 18 pectoral fin rays, 7 (or rarely 8) anal fin rays, and 33 to 36 total gill rakers; the numbers for bocaccio are 14 to 16, 8 to 10, and 27 to 32. Symphyseal knob is more prominent in the silvergray rockfish.

Other common names

rock salmon, shortspine rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW
Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Speckled Rockfish Sebastes ovalis

Speckled Rockfish Description

Orange-brown or tan above, yellow tan below, tips of jaws and lower fin membranes blackened, covered with small black spots.

Size

To 56 cm (22 inches)

Range/Habitat

Oregon to Baja California

Depth

17 to 200 fm

Remarks

 

Other common names

widow, zipola, brownfish, beccafico

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW; Text: Bill Barss

Splitnose Rockfish Sebastes diploproa

Splitnose Rockfish Description

Red body, silver ventrally. Toothed knob at front of each upper jaw, deep notch between jaws.

Size

To 46 cm (18 inches)

Range/Habitat

Alaska Peninsula and Prince William Sound, Alaska, to Cedros Island, Baja California, and Gulf of California

Depth

Offshore, surface to 437 fm (most often at 50 to 250 fm)

Remarks

Identified by the concave outline of the upper jaw.

Other common names

splitlip, rosefish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW
Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Stripetail Rockfish Sebastes saxicola

Stripetail Rockfish Description

Yellowish-pink, silvery ventrally. Green streaks on caudal fin. Dusky saddles on back, may be vague. Long 2nd anal fin spine. Two sharply hooked spines above upper jaw.

Size

To 41 cm (16 inches)

Range/Habitat

Yakutat Bay, Alaska, to Rompiente Point, Baja California

Depth

5 to 299 fm (most common 80 to 150 fm)

Remarks

Similar to sharpchin rockfish which does not have hooked spines above upper jaw nor spines on edge of gill cover.

Other common names

 

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Tiger Rockfish Sebastes nigrocinctus

Tiger Rockfish Description

Light pink to red with 5 dark vertical stripes on body. Stripes my be red to black in color. Head spins thick, parietal ridges very thick and coarse.

Size

To 61 cm (24 inches)

Range/Habitat

Kodiak Island and Prince William Sound, Alaska, to Point Buchon, California. Rocky reefs and boulder fields.

Depth

5 to 150 fm

Remarks

Solitary, may be territorial.

Other common names

banded rockfish, black-banded rockfish

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW.
Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Vermilion Rockfish Sebastes miniatus

Vermillion Rockfish Description

Dark vermilion red dorsally. Red sides mottled with gray. Red mouth and fins, with fins often edged with black. Three obscure orange stripes radiating from each eye. Deep caudal peduncle. Scaly lower jaw.

Size

To 76 cm (30 inches)

Range/Habitat

Southeast Alaska to Baja California

Depth

100 to 150 fathoms

Remarks

Distinguished in the field from canary rockfish (S. pinniger) and yelloweye rockfish (S. ruberrimus) by scales on lower jaw and vermilion red coloration.

Other common names

red snapper

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Widow Rockfish Sebastes entomelas

Vermillion Rockfish Description

Brassy brown to dusky, lighter ventrally. Membranes of fins dark (lighter on spinous dorsal). Caudal peduncle is narrow. Anal fin has a strong posterior slant. Strongly rounded (convex) for head.

Size

To 59 cm (23 inches)

Range/Habitat

Middle Albatross Bank off Kodiak Island, Alaska, to Todos Santos Bay, Baja California

Depth

Schooling near surface to 300 fm

Remarks

Very important commercially in midwater trawl fishery off waters from Washington to California.

Other common names

brownie, brown bomber, soft brown

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Yelloweye Rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus

Yelloweye Rockfish

Description

Orange red to orange yellow, bright yellow eye, fins may be black at tips. Rasp-like ridges above eye. A large rockfish. Top: Adults usually have light band on lateral line (line may be white). Bottom: Juveniles have two light bands, one on lateral line and one shorter line below lateral line.

Size

To 91 cm (36 inches)

Range/Habitat

Umnak Island and Prince William Sound, Alaska, to Ensenada, Baja California. Rocky reefs and boulder fields.

Depth

8 to 300 fm

Remarks

Declared overfished by the National Marine Fisheries Service

Other common names

rasphead, red snapper

Credits

Pictures: Bob Swingle (adult), Linda ZumBrunnen (juvenile); Text: Alaska Sea Grant Marine Advisory Bulletin No. 25

Yellowmouth Rockfish Sebastes reedi

Yellowmouth Description

Red-orange with dark blotches. Mouth pinkish white with yellow and black blotches. Pinkish lateral line, 3 vague dark bands across head. Long lower jaw with moderate, wide smyphyseal knob. Second anal fin spike shorter than third.

Size

To 58 cm (23 inches)

Range/Habitat

Northern Gulf of Alaska to Crecent City, California

Depth

75 to 200 fm (usually 100 to 200 fm) over rough bottom

Remarks

Similar to Pacific Ocean Perch, which has a pointed symphyseal knob and pink mouth.

Credits

Picture: Bill Barss, ODFW

Yellowtail Rockfish Sebastes flavidus

Yellowtail Rockfish Description

Olive green to dusky-brown with some light mottling dorsally. Light ventrally. Fins yellow. Rear edge of anal fin vertical or with slight anterior slant. Head spines weak.

Size

To 66 cm (26 inches)

Range/Habitat

Unalaska Island, Alaska, to San Diego, California. Schooling rockfish.

Depth

Surface to 300 fm

Remarks

Often caught on both troll and sport gear.

Other common names

greenie, green snapper

Credits

Pictures: Bill Barss, ODFW and OSU submersible cruise.

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