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Oregon’s Native Freshwater Fish Species

Oregon’s native freshwater fish can be found in a wide diversity of habitats from large, tidal rivers to small, mountain streams to desert springs.  They display a range of life history strategies and we are contiunally learning about these amazing creatures.

The following list contains the native freshwater fish species known to occur in Oregon. Subspecies are not listed unless that is the only representative of the species. They are displayed in evolutionary order by taxonomic group. This list does not include any species that are exclusively saltwater.  

Visit the Native Fish Investigations and Corvallis Research Lab websites to learn more about ongoing research.

Group Genus Species Common Name
Lamprey Lampetra ayresii Western River Lamprey
Lampetra pacifica Pacific Brook Lamprey
Lampetra richardsoni Western Brook Lamprey
Entosphenus lethophagus Pit-Klamath Brook Lamprey
Entosphenus folletti Follett's Brook Lamprey (Northern California Brook Lamprey)
Entosphenus minimus Miller Lake Lamprey
Entosphenus similis Klamath River Lamprey (Klamath Lamprey)
Entosphenus tridentatus Pacific Lamprey
Entosphenus sp.  Klamath Lake Lamprey
Entosphenus sp.  Goose Lake Lamprey
Sturgeons Acipenser medirostris Green Sturgeon
Acipenser transmontanus White Sturgeon
Suckers Chasmistes brevirostris Shortnose Sucker
Deltistes luxatus Lost River Sucker
Catostomus macrocheilus Largescale Sucker
Catostomus microps Modoc Sucker
Catostomus occidentalis lacusanserinus Goose Lake Sucker
Catostomus bondi Cascadian Sucker
Catostomus rimiculus Klamath Smallscale Sucker group (includes Jenny Creek and Rogue)
Catostomus snyderi Klamath Largescale Sucker
Catostomus tahoensis Tahoe Sucker
Catostomus tsiltcoosensis Tyee Sucker - aka Coastal Largescale
Catostomus warnerensis Warner Sucker
Catostomus columbianus Bridgelip Sucker
Minnows Acrocheilus alutaceus Chiselmouth
Hesperoleucus mitrulus Northern Roach aka Pit Roach
Gila coerulea Blue Chub
Mylocheilus caurinus Peamouth
Oregonichthys crameri Oregon Chub
Oregonichthys kalawatseti Umpqua Chub
Ptychocheilus oregonensis Northern Pikeminnow
Ptychocheilus umpquae Umpqua Pikeminnow
Ptychocheilus sp.  Siuslaw Pikeminnow
Rhinichthys evermanni Umpqua Dace
Rhinichthys cataractae Longnose Dace
Rhinichthys cataractae sp. Millicoma Dace
Rhinichthys umatilla Umatilla Dace
Rhinichthys falcatus Leopard Dace
Rhinichthys osculus Speckled Dace
Rhinichthys osculus Black-Lined or Coastal Speckled Dace
Rhinichthys osculus robustus Western Speckled Dace group (includes Bonneville, Klamath, Foskett)
Rhinichthys sp.  Malheur Spring Dace
Richardsonius balteatus Redside Shiner aka Columbia Redside Shiner
Richardsonius balteatus hydrophlox Bonneville Redside Shiner aka Snake Redside Shiner
Richardsonius balteatus siuslaw Tyee Redside Shiner aka Siuslaw Redside Shiner
Richardsonius thermophilus Hotspring Redside Shiner
Richardsonius egregius Lahontan Redside Shiner
Siphateles bicolor Tui Chub
Siphateles bicolor sp. Klamath Tui Chub
Siphateles bicolor eurysomus Sheldon Tui Chub group (includes Catlow)
Siphateles bicolor obesus Lahontan Tui Chub
Siphateles bicolor oregonensis Oregon Lakes Tui Chub group (includes Hutton Spring, Abert Lake, Summer Basin, Silver Lake)
Siphateles bicolor thalassinus Warner Basin Tui Chub group (includes Goose Lake)
Siphateles bicolor columbianus Columbia Tui Chub (Malheur Tui Chub)
Siphateles boraxobius Borax Lake Chub
Siphateles alvordensis Alvord Lake Chub
Salmon and Trout Prosopium williamsoni Mountain Whitefish
Oncorhynchus keta Chum Salmon
Oncorhynchus kisutch Coho Salmon
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Chinook Salmon
Oncorhynchus nerka Sockeye Salmon /kokanee
Oncorhynchus  gorbuscha Pink Salmon
Oncorhynchus mykiss steelhead
Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus Coastal Rainbow Trout
Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri Columbia Basin Redband Trout
Oncorhynchus mykiss newberrii Great Basin Redband Trout
Oncorhynchus clarki  Coastal Cutthroat Trout
Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi Lahontan Cutthroat Trout
Oncorhynchus clarki alvordensis Alvord Cutthroat Trout
Oncorhynchus clarki lewisi Westslope Cutthroat Trout
Salvelinus confluentus Bull Trout
Smelt Thaleichthys pacificus Eulachon
Spirinchus thaleichthys Longfin Smelt
Troutperch Percopsis transmontana Sand Roller
Burbot Lota lota Burbot
Flounder Platichthys stellatus Starry Flounder
Surf Perch Cymatogaster aggregata Shiner Perch
Stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Threepine Stickleback
Sculpins Cottus tenuis Slender Sculpin
Cottus aleuticus Coastrange Sculpin
Cottus princeps Klamath Lake Sculpin
Cottus asper Prickly Sculpin
Cottus gulosus Riffle Sculpin
Cottus confusus Shorthead Sculpin
Cottus rhotheus Torrent Sculpin
Cottus bairdii Mottled Sculpin
Cottus hubbsi Columbia Mottled Sculpin
Cottus bendirei Malheur Mottled Sculpin
Cottus pitensis Pit Sculpin
Cottus beldingii Paiute Sculpin
Cottus klamathensis Klamath Marbled Sculpin
Cottus polyporus Siskiyou Marbled Sculpin
Cottus marginatus Margined Sculpin
Cottus perplexus Reticulate Sculpin

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