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Oregon Coast Coho Conservation Plan

The Oregon State Coast Coho Conservation Plan describes the population status and conservation plan for coho salmon in the Necanicum, Nehalem, Tillamook Bay, Nestucca, Salmon, Siletz, Yaquina, Beaver, Alsea, Siuslaw, Lower Umpqua, Middle Umpqua, North Umpqua, South Umpqua, Siltcoos Lake, Tahkenitch Lake, Tenmile Lake, Coos, Coquille, Flores, Sixes and some smaller ocean front tributaries and sub-basins totaling 56 populations. These 56 populations, of which 21 are independent and 36 are dependent populations, make up the Oregon Coast Coho salmon evolutionarily significant unit (ESU).

The Oregon Coast Coho Conservation Plan addresses legal requirements for conservation planning under Oregon’s Native Fish Conservation Policy. In addition to meeting legal requirements, the Plan provides an informed, strategic approach to recovery that is based on science, supported by stakeholders, built on existing efforts, and includes new recovery actions. The Plan is supported by an adaptive management framework that allows it to evolve over time with new information, including assessment of the recovery actions taken. Implementation of the Oregon Coast Coho Conservation Plan will require collaboration, coordination and the contribution of federal, state, and local governments, tribes, and many organizations, groups, and citizens.

Extensive stakeholder participation, scientific and public review, and Plan revision occurred during development of the Oregon Coast Coho Conservation Plan. The Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission approved the Plan at its March, 2007 meeting.

Oregon Coast Coho salmon are currently listed as threatened under the federal Endangered Species Act. The National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) completed its most recent 5-year Status Review in 2016 and concluded the Oregon Coast Coho salmon ESU should remain listed under the ESA as threatened. ODFW worked closely with NMFS on the development of their Oregon Coast Coho Salmon Recovery Plan, which was finalized December 2016.  NMFS Oregon Coast Coho Recovery Plan

Species/Units covered

  • Coastal Coho Salmon Management Unit (SMU) (equivalent to federal Oregon Coast Coho ESU)


Renee Coxen
Coastal Implementation Coordinator

 Background Information Provided at Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission Meetings (pdfs)
 Final Documents (pdfs)
 Conservation Toolbox
Coho Business Plan Strategic Action Plans

We are committed to the Coho Business Plan partnership with the Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board, NOAA Restoration Center, Wild Salmon Center, and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation on a Business Plan approach for the conservation of Oregon’s coast Coho Salmon. The intent of the Coho Business Plan is to achieve the following:

1) Promote conservation and recovery of Oregon’s Coho Salmon populations, and describe the essential role of voluntary habitat protection and restoration efforts.

2) Identify the highest priority projects required at the population (watershed) scale to advance regional recovery goals.

3) Aggregate the cumulative costs and anticipated benefits of these projects, and coordinate funding to support locally-led implementation.

Projects included in the Coho Business Plan are generated through a scientifically-based planning process that local communities use to develop a Strategic Action Plan (SAP) for a given Coho Salmon population. As the number of projects contained in the Business Plan increase, the Partnership will work with state, federal, and private partners to direct funding into locally-led project implementation.  While projects identified in the Coho SAPs address primary limiting factors for Coho conservation and recovery, the projects will also benefit other salmonids and aquatic species.

We will post the SAPs below as they are completed. The accompanying appendices are being finalized and will be made available here when they are finished
Reference Documents (pdfs)

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