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Wolves and Livestock Updates

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Wolf Home Page

          2016  
   
      •  05/27/16 Confirmed depredation and probable depredation (Umatilla and Wallowa County)
   
      •  05/11/16 Confirmed depredation (Shamrock Pack, Wallowa County)
   
      •  04/26/16 AKWA designated for OR37 (Baker County)
   
      •  04/01/16 AKWA designated for OR29/OR36 Pair (Baker County)
   
      •  03/31/16 UPDATE March 31, 2016: The four wolves of the Imnaha pack associated with recent depredations were shot and killed today by ODFW staff on private land in Wallowa County.
   
      •  03/31/16 Depredations lead to lethal control for wolves in Wallowa County
   
      •  03/30/16 Another confirmed depredation by the Imnaha Pack
   
      •  03/28/16 Two more incidents of Imnaha depredation confirmed (1, 2),  New ADW posted
   
      •  03/28/16 Confirmed Depredation by Imnaha Pack (Wallowa Co)
   
      •  03/17/16 New Imnaha AKWA posted
   
      •  03/11/16 Confirmed Depredation by Imnaha Pack (Wallowa Co)
   
      •  03/10/16 ADW map and Conflict Deterrence Plan posted for Swan Lake Valley (Klamath Co)
   
      •  02/29/16 New AKWA for OR30 in Umatilla County, Rogue Pack and other AKWAs updated with 2015 data.
   
      •  02/29/16 2015 Annual Wolf Report available

Oregon’s known wolf population increased 36% in 2015 and the minimum Oregon wolf population is now 110 wolves. Find out more at the Wolf Conservation and Management Plan 2015 Annual Report which was released today.
   
      •  02/24/16 Confirmed depredation in Klamath County

OR33, a 2-year-old wolf dispersed from the Imnaha Pack in November 2015 and has traveled through 13 counties. OR33 spent 8 days in an area northeast of Klamath Falls in February. During this time a cow was injured and ODFW confirmed it as wolf depredation in the Swan Lake Valley area. OR33 is no longer in that area, and has not yet become resident in any area, so ODFW will not designate an Area of Known Wolf Activity (AKWA) at this time.

An Area of Depredating Wolves (ADW) will be designated and a Conflict Deterrence Plan will be written for the area where the depredation occurred. It is impossible to know where OR33 will travel to next or when he (or other un-collared wolves) will become resident in an area. Livestock producers are encouraged to watch for any signs of wolf activity in the area of their livestock.  In addition, information which may be helpful in minimizing the risk of wolf-livestock conflict can be viewed at http://www.dfw.state.or.us/Wolves/non-lethal_methods.asp. In particular, removal of any livestock carcasses or other wolf attractants where possible can reduce the potential for conflict.
   
      •  01/12/16 AKWA updates for Klamath, Lake and Wallowa counties (OR25, OR28, Shamrock)

In early November 2015, a 2-year-old radio-collared female wolf dispersed from the Mt Emily pack in Umatilla County. By Nov. 19, OR28 had arrived into the area she has continued to use in the Fort Rock and Silver Lake Wildlife Management Units (WMU) of Klamath and Lake County. ODFW has designated an Area of Known Wolf Activity (AKWA) and has evidence that at least one other wolf is using the area.

In December, OR25 left the AKWA he had been using, traveled south through Oregon and visited California. OR25 has now returned to the same area in Klamath County.

ODFW has designated a new AKWA for a pack in NE Oregon. The Chesnimnus pair previously used the Chesnimnus WMU in Wallowa County. In 2015, the pair denned in the Sled Springs WMU and has not returned to the Chesnimnus WMU. Moving forward the new pack will be named the Shamrock Pack.

AKWAs are created where and when wolves repeatedly use an area over time and become established. To help minimize potential wolf-livestock conflict, livestock producers are encouraged to use preventive measures within AKWAs. More information regarding preventative measures.
   
          2015  
   
      •  11/20/15 OR25 AKWA map updated, ADW map and Deterrence Plan posted (Klamath Co)
   
      •  11/17/15 Confirmed depredation by Imnaha Pack (pdf) (Wallowa County)
   
      •  11/12/15 Wolves delisted under Oregon ESA – No changes in wolf management

Earlier this week, ODFW filed rules with the Oregon Secretary of State that removed wolves from the state Endangered Species List in keeping with the Fish and Wildlife Commission’s decision on Monday, Nov. 9

The Commission’s decision changed the wolf’s ESA status but it has no other immediate effect on wolf management in Oregon. Wolves are still protected by the Wolf Plan and its associated rules.

Any take of wolves is highly regulated in Oregon and the delisting does not mean additional take is now allowed. Hunters and trappers may not take wolves in Oregon at this time. The Wolf Plan does not allow for general season sport hunting of wolves in any phase of wolf management.

The delisting also does not change the current management of wolf-livestock conflict. In all phases of the Wolf Plan, non-lethal preventive measures are the tools of choice to address wolf-livestock conflict. 

Wolves in the East Zone will continue to be managed under Phase 2 rules, which do not change with the delisting. Wolves in the West Zone are managed under the ESA-like Phase 1 rules until their population also reaches four breeding pairs for three consecutive years. West of Hwys 395-78-95, the gray wolf remains listed on the federal ESA and any take of wolves in this area is regulated by the US Fish and Wildlife Service.

The decision to delist was a vote of confidence in the Wolf Plan and its continued implementation. “I think the Wolf Plan has been unbelievably successful in bringing together diverse interests,” said Commissioner Bruce Buckmaster during Monday’s meeting. “I believe we have wolves because of the Plan and the forbearance of eastern Oregonians in abiding by the plan. It is incumbent on everybody to continue sticking with the plan. We need to keep everybody at the table.”

“The big message that we got today is people want to protect wolves and that Oregonians love their wildlife,” said Commissioner Holly Akenson.

The Commission also asked ODFW to explore options to increase penalties for unlawfully taking a wolf. They will also ask the Oregon State Legislature to change the state’s ESA law to allow for listing and delisting of species in only a portion of the state in the future. “I think you can see by us asking for increased penalties and future regulations that [the Oregon Fish and Wildlife Commission] cares about wolves,” said Chair Mike Finley, while urging various interest groups to continue to work together.

For more information, please see ODFW’s Wolf FAQ.
   
      •  11/05/15 Confirmed depredation in Klamath County (OR25)(pdf) Wolves are on the federal Endangered Species List in this area and US Fish and Wildlife Service guides response to wolf-livestock conflict.
   
      •  10/29/15 Confirmed depredation by wolves (pdf) (Wallowa County, Imnaha pack)
   
      •  09/14/15 Confirmed depredations by Mt Emily pack wolves (8/24/2015, 8/27/2015)
   
      •  08/19/15 Confirmed depredation of livestock by wolves (pdf) (Umatilla County, Mt Emily pack)
   
      •  08/07/15 Confirmed depredation of livestock by wolves (pdf) (Union County, Mt Emily pack)
   
      •  08/03/15 Two new Areas of Known Wolf Activity

ODFW has designated two new Areas of Known Wolf Activity (AKWAs). The new areas are a result of two dispersing radio-collared wolves. OR25, originally from the Imnaha Pack, traveled through the Columbia Basin, Southern Blue Mountains, and Northern and Central Cascade Mountains and has been in the Klamath County area (Sprague wildlife management unit) since May. OR30, originally from the Mt. Emily pack, crossed I-84 and has been resident in the Starkey and Ukiah wildlife management units (Union County) since May.

AKWAs are created where and when wolves repeatedly use an area over time and become established. To help minimize potential wolf-livestock conflict, livestock producers are encouraged to use preventive measures within AKWAs. For more information regarding preventative measures.
   
      •  07/31/15 Commission consideration of wolf delisting moved to October, November meetings

The informational briefing and rulemaking for removing gray wolves from the state Endangered Species list have been delayed until the Oct. 9 meeting in Florence and a November meeting to be held in Salem. These items were originally scheduled for September and October but after consultation with the Chair of the Commission, the decision was made to move the process back due to already full meeting agendas. Commissioners want to provide adequate time for public testimony and discussion during the meetings.

The date for the November meeting will be announced soon on the Commission webpage. Public testimony will be taken at the meetings but can also be emailed to odfw.comments@state.or.us Please make sure to include “Comments on Wolf Delisting Proposal” in the subject line of emails.
   
      •  07/06/15 Confirmed depredation of livestock by wolves (pdf) (Umatilla River pack)
   
      •  06/24/15 Confirmed depredations of livestock by wolves in Umatilla (pdf) and Wallowa (pdf) counties (Mt Emily pack and Sled Springs pair).
   
      •  02/24/15 The draft 2014 Oregon Wolf Conservation and Management Annual Report (pdf) is available online. It includes the 2014 update for Oregon’s Wolf Population. Nine wolf packs and six new pairs of wolves were documented in Oregon in 2014. Oregon’s minimum known wolf population at the end of 2014 was 77 wolves, including eight breeding pairs.

ODFW staff will brief the Fish and Wildlife Commission on the report at the Friday, March 6 Commission meeting in Salem.
   
      •  01/27/15 Eastern Oregon enters Phase 2 of Wolf Plan after at least seven breeding pairs documented for 2014

2014 Areas of Known Wolf Activity

Additional wolf documented in the Keno area
   
      •  01/13/15 New wolf activity in southwest Cascades. ODFW has documented new wolf activity in the southwest Keno Unit (in the southwest Cascades on a mixture of public and private lands).

Evidence of at least one wolf has been collected twice over the last month. This area is in a part of the state where wolves are protected by both the state and federal Endangered Species Act.

Repeated sign of a wolf requires that the agency designate an Area of Known Wolf Activity (AKWA), and ODFW will complete that next week.

The area this new wolf is using lies within the already established AKWA for the Rogue Pack (OR7), but data on OR7 and the Rogue Pack shows no use of this area recently.  The Rogue Pack AKWA will soon be adjusted to reflect its current use area.

Little is known of this new wolf (e.g., sex, age, origin, other wolves) and efforts to gather additional data will be made by both ODFW and US Fish and Wildlife Service.
   
          2014  
   
      •  12/17/14 New Area of Known Wolf ActivityDesolation Unit. A new Area of Known Wolf Activity (AKWA) has been designated by ODFW in the northern portion of the Desolation Unit (Grant and Umatilla County). On December 15, 2014  tracks of two wolves were documented by ODFW biologists in this new area.  Irregular reports of wolf activity have been received over the past year in this general area of National Forest, and biologists documented two instances of a single wolf earlier in the year. However, AKWAs are created where and when wolves have become established, meaning repeated use of an area over a period of time by wolves and not simply dispersal of wolves.

At this time, ODFW has little data regarding the specifics of this new pair (i.e., sex, breeding status, and specific use area) and additional surveys will be required to get this information.
   
      •  11/13/14 New Area of Known Wolf Activity (AKWA) for OR27-OR24 pair, Sled Springs pair and Unnamed Pack in Catherine Creek / Keating Units no longer AKWAs due to inactivity
   
      •  10/07/14 New Meacham Pack AKWA, ADW map and Deterrence Plan posted
   
      •  09/30/14 Meacham Pack (OR26) depredation qualifies
   
      •  09/25/14 First confirmation of depredation by Meacham Pack (OR26)
   
      •  09/24/14 New Mt Emily Pack AKWA, ADW map and Deterrence Plan posted
   
      •  09/23/14 Confirmed depredation by Imnaha pack qualifies

Two Mt Emily pack depredations qualify (9/15/2014, 9/16/2014
   
      •  09/19/14 New wolf depredation in Mt. Emily pack. On September 15 and 16, ODFW confirmed depredations of sheep by the Mt. Emily pack.  A total of 8 sheep were killed in separate incidents on consecutive nights while on a public land grazing allotment. In addition, two livestock protection dogs were injured and one is missing following the first incident. These depredations are the first attributed to this pack, and also the first time that livestock protection dogs were confirmed injured by wolves. ODFW is working with the producer to increase wolf deterrent measures. ODFW will also be coordinating with area livestock producers, landowners, and other relevant interests to prepare an area specific wolf-livestock conflict deterrence plan per state wolf management rules.
   
      •  08/27/14 Umatilla River pack depredation (pdf) qualifies (pdf)

5/30/14 Wallowa County depredation now qualifies (pdf)
   
       •  08/15/14 Depredation in Wallowa County-Chesnimnus wolves (pdf)

Probable depredation in Umatilla County – Umatilla River wolves (pdf)
   
       •  07/29/14 Chesnimnus wolves ADW map and Deterrence Plan posted
   
       •  07/21/14 Chesnimnus wolves qualification report posted, New AKWA posted
   
       •  07/17/14 Depredation, new wolf activity in Chesnimnus Unit (Wallowa County)

ODFW has confirmed new wolf activity by previously unconfirmed wolves in the Chesnimnus Unit (Wallowa County). The finding was made last night when an investigation confirmed that a domestic calf was killed by wolves in the Cougar Creek Area, on national forest lands (Wallowa Whitman NF) approximately 30 miles north of Enterprise. ODFW had received irregular reports of wolf activity in this area but this is the first recent information showing evidence of resident activity by  more than a single wolf.

At least two to three wolves were believed to be in the area where the calf was killed. These wolves are not believed to be part of any previously known wolf pack. ODFW is now working to gather more information on these new wolves, including determination of their reproductive status, and will attempt to radio-collar individual wolves in this group.

Depredation investigation report (pdf)
   
       •  06/23/14 Two depredations qualify for Umatilla River Pack (6/13/2014, 6/14/2014)
   
       •  06/17/14 Confirmed depredation in Umatilla County – Umatilla River Pack (pdf)
   
       •  06/17/14 Confirmed depredation in Umatilla County – Umatilla River Pack (pdf)
   
       •  06/09/14 New Area of Known Wolf Activity – OR26, Unnamed Pack In Mt Emily Unit
   
       •  06/03/14 Confirmed depredation northeast of Enterprise (pdf)
   
       •  03/14/14 New AKWA and ADW maps posted for Snake River Pack
   
       •  03/04/14 Probable depredation by Snake River pack (pdf)
   
       •  02/24/14 Helpful information sheet on Harassment and Take of Wolves in Oregon (pdf)
   
       •  02/24/14 Two Imnaha Pack qualified depredations from August 2013 no longer count towards lethal control because the six-month period has passed.
   
       •  02/06/14 Imnaha Pack depredation qualifies (pdf)
   
       •  02/04/14 New wolves in Catherine Creek / Keating Units
   
       •  01/30/14 Imnaha Pack depredation confirmed (pdf)
   
       •  01/16/14 IMPORTANT UPDATE – New rules regarding lethal control of wolves by livestock producers

The Fish and Wildlife Commission passed new rules (pdf) about wolves last week, based on a legal settlement over lethal control of wolves.

Under these now permanent rules, livestock producers may take a wolf caught biting, wounding or killing livestock or working dogs, without a permit, under the following circumstances:
  • Wolf is in area of Oregon where it is not federally listed (currently, east of Hwys 395-78-95).
  • Wolf is on land owned or lawfully occupied by livestock producer.;
  • No bait or other intentional attractants have been used.
  • Any take of a wolf is reported to ODFW within 24 hours. The scene must be preserved and the carcass not removed.
  • A livestock producer can allow an agent to take a wolf if written authorization procedures are followed.
These rules also allow for livestock producers to take wolves which are chasing livestock under the same circumstances as above, but there are two additional requirements:
  • ODFW must have determined that wolves in the area are in “chronic depredation” of livestock. (Chronic depredation is defined as four confirmed, qualifying depredations within six months.)
  • Livestock producer must have first undertaken non-lethal actions as defined in rule.
As of today, there are no wolf packs in “chronic depredation” status and the take of wolves chasing livestock is not allowed.
   
          2013  
   
       •  12/5/13 Imnaha Pack depredation qualifies (pdf)
   
       •  12/4/13 New AKWA and ADW maps posted for Snake River Pack
   
       •  12/2/13 Snake River Pack depredation qualifies (pdf)
   
       •  11/26/13 Third Snake River Pack depredation confirmed (pdf)
   
       •  11/18/13 Second Snake River Pack depredation qualifies (pdf)
   
       •  11/14/13 Imnaha Pack AKWA, ADW maps and Deterrence Plan posted
   
       •  11/6/13 Confirmed depredation by Snake River Pack (pdf)
   
       •  10/31/13 Snake River Pack AKWA, ADW maps and Deterrence Plan posted
   
       •  10/29/13 “Probable” wolf depredation by Umatilla River Pack (pdf)
   
       •  10/24/13 Snake River Pack depredation qualifies (pdf)
   
       •  10/16/13 First confirmed depredation by Snake River Pack (pdf)
   
       •  9/20/13 Modification to Umatilla River Pack ADW
   
       •  9/6/13 Change to Umatilla River Qualifying Incident

After further review, ODFW has rescinded the decision to qualify the Aug. 23, 2013 confirmed depredation by the Umatilla River pack as a Qualifying Incident under new wolf management rules (OAR 635-110-0010(8)(a-c).

Under the new rules, ODFW needs to develop and post a Conflict Deterrence Plan within 14 days of the first depredation by a pack. In this case, the Umatilla River Pack Conflict Deterrence Plan did not meet the 14-day deadline. The decision does not change the original confirmation that a wolf or wolves were the cause of death of the goat in this instance.

This change reduces the number of Qualifying Incidents for the Umatilla River Pack from two to one. ODFW only considers lethal control for depredating wolves when there are four Qualifying Incidents within a six-month time period.
   
       •  9/4/13 Qualifying Incident Report – 130821 Wallowa (pdf)
   
       •  8/30/13 Conflict Deterrence Plan posted for Umatilla River Pack
   
       •  8/27/13 ODFW has confirmed two additional depredations—an injured cow by the Imnaha pack (8/22/13), and a dead goat by the Umatilla River pack (8/23/13). Investigation summaries for these depredations are posted on the website.

The Umatilla River pack depredation is a “qualifying incident” (see report), meaning the landowner was using appropriate preventative measures to minimize wolf-livestock conflict. (ODFW has rescinded decision to qualify Aug. 23 incident; see Sept. 6 entry above for more information.) ODFW is waiting on information from the livestock producers to determine if the two confirmed Imnaha Pack depredations (from 8/21 and 8/22) are qualifying incidents.
   
       •  8/23/13 Depredation by the Imnaha wolf pack

ODFW has confirmed a depredation by the Imnaha wolf pack.  ODFW is working to determine if the depredation counts as a “qualifying incident” toward a lethal control decision. (For a depredation to qualify, the affected landowner must have been using at least one preventive measure and removed all reasonably accessible unnatural attractants on his/her property at least seven days prior to the incident.) If this depredation qualifies, it will be the third qualifying depredation within the past six months.

Under new rules agreed to in a settlement with conservation groups and the Oregon Cattlemen’s Association earlier this year, ODFW does not consider lethal control before there are at least four qualifying incidents in a six-month time frame.
   
       •  7/19/13 Modification to ODFW Non-lethal Measures
   
       •  7/18/13 Ability to sign up for email notifications
   
       •  7/18/13 Redesign of Specific Wolf Information page
   
       •  7/18/13 AKWA map for OR7
   
       •  6/3/13 Confirmed Depredation is a Qualifying Incident for Umatilla River pack.
   
       •  5/22/13 Sheep depredation in northern Umatilla County

On May 21, ODFW confirmed that 6 sheep were depredated by wolves which resulted in four dead (3 lambs, 1 ewe), one injured (ram), and one missing (lamb). Wolf tracks were found in the pasture of the dead sheep, and radio-collar data showed that at least one wolf of the Umatilla River Pack was in the area on the night of the depredation. Evidence gathered showed a similar pattern of attack as the depredation events in 2012 in this same general area.
   
       •  5/22/13

Confirmed depredations by Imnaha pack

On May 15, 2013 a yearling cow was confirmed by ODFW to have been killed by wolves of the Imnaha pack. Evidence of at least two wolves was found at the site. In addition, GPS locations from OR4’s radio-collar confirmed that OR4 was present. On May 10, 2013 ODFW also confirmed that a small calf in the same general area had received wolf bite injuries on a hind leg. The calf was expected to survive. These are the third and fourth confirmed wolf depredation incidents by the Imnaha Pack in 2013.

   
       •  1/29/13 ODFW confirmed a livestock depredation by the Imnaha wolf pack yesterday in Wallowa County. Summaries of this investigation and others.
   
          2012  
   
       •  9/2012 ODFW finds “probable” livestock depredations by Imnaha pack (Sept. 14, Sept. 11)
   
       •  9/3/12 Confirmed and probable depredation (pdf) by Imnaha Pack, Wallowa County
   
       •  8/31/12 Confirmed depredation (pdf) by Imnaha Pack, Baker County
   
       •  7/26/12 Confirmed depredation by Imnaha pack, Wallowa County
   
       •  3/8/12 Confirmed wolf depredation by Imnaha Pack (pdf) on three cows
   
       •  1/14/12 Mule a probable wolf kill (Imnaha Pack) (pdf)
   
       •  1/10/12 Bull injury a probable wolf (Imnaha Pack) (pdf)
   
       •  1/7/12 Yearling heifer is confirmed wolf kill (Imnaha Pack) (pdf)
   
  Additional Imnaha Pack wolf/livestock conflict information prior to 2012
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